Raspberry Pi – How to clone your boot chip and backup your system

Basically, I came to the conclusion that I needed to use my Linux Desktop to do a clone of my Raspberry Pi.  Windows has different tools, Mac has some of the same tools and I believe dd is available under terminal.


I’m not a Mac or Windows Guy, I use Debian Linux, exclusively.

The lay of the land is

  • Host Computer running Linux
  • Sufficient space on the internal hard drive
  • A chip reader to connect the chip to the USB chain of the host computer

So you have a credit card sized computer.  The little computer that could.

You decided to do some things to it and perhaps got your feet wet using Linux.

Good for you.  That’s one good use for a Raspberry Pi.

It’s a machine that is best used for learning.  Doing weird projects like you see all over the place.

I have the second “use case” for it here.  It’s a great Print Server.  I turn it on, my Linux desktop sees it, and I can print to it.

All that requires some customization of the machine, installing CUPS, maybe some other things like using it as a small data server with SAMBA.

You got your machine stable but did you back it up?

After all, if you’re playing with RTL-SDR and want to look at some amateur radio using the Pi to serve the radio out from where the antenna is, it will take more customization that you won’t want to lose.

Ok, so since the Raspberry Pi can run off a couple rechargeable batteries or a wall wart, it’s getting put out in the shed and is now nice and stable but the second situation comes to mind for backing it up.

Debian and Raspbian will be upgraded to the next version “very soon”.  There’s no rush for that, the old stable will be maintained for a few years, I mean Linux isn’t managed like Windows is, is it?

Even though the next version, Testing, is stable enough to use as a daily driver like I do, you really do want to back that machine before you upgrade in case you do it wrong.

One final reason to back up is that the Raspberry Pi occasionally corrupts the litlle SDHC chip that has the Operating System on it due to static electricity, power pops and so forth.  That is how the hardware is constructed, you can’t avoid power instability without filters or battery backups.

Get the picture?

Here is how I do a backup, and when I am done, I have an .ISO file that I can write out to a different chip.

  • First shut down and power off the Pi.
  • Remove the Pi’s Boot Chip and put it in your USB Chip Reader.
  • Make sure your Linux Host Computer is turned on, and booted.
  • Navigate to the directory you want to store your .ISO image with Terminal under Root.
  • Plug the USB Chip Reader with the chip into the USB Port.
  • From the Root Prompt run “dmesg“.  dmesg will scroll very quickly all the console information, but what you are looking for is a message that says that you plugged in something to /dev/sdb or similar.  In my case, it came up on /dev/sdd .  The messages that I got when I plugged the chip in are below.

[132387.203934] usb 3-2: new SuperSpeed Gen 1 USB device number 8 using xhci_hcd
[132387.224573] usb 3-2: New USB device found, idVendor=05e3, idProduct=0749, bcdDevice=15.32
[132387.224577] usb 3-2: New USB device strings: Mfr=3, Product=4, SerialNumber=2
[132387.224579] usb 3-2: Product: USB3.0 Card Reader
[132387.224580] usb 3-2: Manufacturer: Generic
[132387.224582] usb 3-2: SerialNumber: 000000001532
[132387.227673] usb-storage 3-2:1.0: USB Mass Storage device detected
[132387.263161] scsi host2: usb-storage 3-2:1.0
[132388.282897] scsi 2:0:0:0: Direct-Access     Generic  STORAGE DEVICE   1532 PQ: 0 ANSI: 6
[132388.286984] sd 2:0:0:0: Attached scsi generic sg3 type 0
[132388.679099] sd 2:0:0:0: [sdd] 31116288 512-byte logical blocks: (15.9 GB/14.8 GiB)
[132388.679447] sd 2:0:0:0: [sdd] Write Protect is off
[132388.679450] sd 2:0:0:0: [sdd] Mode Sense: 21 00 00 00
[132388.679775] sd 2:0:0:0: [sdd] Write cache: disabled, read cache: enabled, doesn’t support DPO or FUA
[132388.686945]  sdd: sdd1 sdd2 < sdd5 sdd6 sdd7 >
[132388.688860] sd 2:0:0:0: [sdd] Attached SCSI removable disk

  • The command to do the backup is a simple dd command.  This command will be creating a file called raspberrypibackup.iso in the present working directory.  Assuming your linux host saw the USB stick as /dev/sdb the command is following:

dd if=/dev/sdb of=raspberrypibackup.iso conv=noerror,sync status=progress

Really that is it.  Just issue that command, walk away.  It took about an hour for me to do this al, plenty of time to do something else.

Or just go have a coffee.

When it is complete you will have your backup ISO and you can copy that back out to a chip or just leave the file on your hard disc as an archive.

The restore is the same dd command with the if and of parameters swapped:

dd if=raspberrypibackup.iso of=/dev/sdb conv=noerror,sync status=progress

Distro Hopping is pointless because the Answer Is Always Debian

If you have an Axe, and you replace the handle.

Later you replace the blade.

Sharpen the blade again.

Chop the wood for the fireplace this winter.


But… Is it the same Axe?


There are indeed options.  Alternatives, even with computers.  That’s what this is all about.

This” is “Distrohopping”.

Think of it as remodeling your computer instead of your bathroom – which is a very small area that results in your emptying your bank account into a small hole in the floor where all your money turns to sh… sewage.

Windows and Mac people don’t really understand the concept, but it is more like the ultimate theme.

You see, I actually enjoy tweaking things on my computer.  I have the freedom to tweak away.  Change fonts, colors, even the entire way that the work flow happens on the thing.

I expect everything to just work.  Why not, I’ve got the tools.  I can change almost everything.

I stopped running Windows when I found out that Microsoft gave themselves the right to watch every little thing that I am doing on my computer.   Since they are not paying me for that right, I dumped Windows.

On the spot.  “F” that spyware.

Not completely sure how Mac fits in that, however I finally got the chance to play around with the Apple operating system and found its rigidity never fit with my innate curiosity.

So here I am on Linux.  Debian Linux to it’s friends.  BSD People know what I am talking about when I refer to absolute control, so come close, little cousins, lets laugh at the normies.

I have a spare laptop.  Still quite useable, an i3 with 4 GB soldered in.  That is all it will ever be, and it was bequeathed to me when a friend passed.  So we shall call this machine David as a result, In His Honour.

David doesn’t get used too much.  It is the slowest “i” machine I have here, but with the right operating system it will run quite fast enough to be useable.

By the right operating system, I mean a Distribution of Linux.  I did try a version of BSD called Nomad BSD that boots from a stick.  It says that it never touches your hardware, which is intriguing and it does show promise.

Since BSD is even less used than Linux in the home market (Less than 1% vs about 2-3%) it is inherently more secure due to “Security by Obscurity”.

But I digress.

I run Debian Linux on my computers.  It is Utterly Stable.  As in that granite counter top that some have will chip before my Debian computer will crash.  Stability comes from the Debian Foundation testing the ever loving daylights out of it.  I got tired of instability along with Windows’ snooping, and settled in on Debian.

Stability comes with older, more stable software due to all that testing, but it can be quite old to be on what is called “Debian Stable”.  That is a problem for some people who want newer and more cutting edge software, but that is easily solved by installing “Debian Testing”.  It’s the last (arbitrary last) time Debian moved the “Unstable” version to save it off.

As of this date, Debian Testing is the “Release Candidate” for the next version of Debian.  I am running that every day on two computers.  Still stable, still no problems.

Since Testing is what many other foundations use for their own base to spawn off a software library for their own Distribution, Testing is much more stable than many other distributions efforts.

In fact, the largest distributions, Ubuntu, Linux Mint, and many others are all derived from that.

Ok, enough background.

I wanted a change for David.  Ubuntu just recently went to their newest version called Disco Dingo, and since I still unironically listen to Classic Disco, I chuckled at that name and installed it.

Except it had no way to hibernate David.  David is also a laptop and a mere “suspend” is worthless.  Write the data to disc (or SSD in my case) and turn the thing off so you are not wearing out the batteries.

Ubuntu is the base for Linux Mint.  The hibernate issue is a requirement so any distribution without hibernate is a “Non-Starter” for me.

Ubuntu?  Fix that.  It works in Debian Stable and Debian Testing.  You being arbitrary because “Some Systems May Crash So We Turned Hibernate Off” is an explanation on the order of having your child paint their younger sibling with Peanut Butter because they liked it.

It Does Not Work Because You Broke It, So Fix It.

That leaves Linux Mint off the table too as well as anything based on Ubuntu or derivatives including the alphabet soup of versions.

If you’re counting, this is Ubuntu, Xubuntu, Lubuntu, Linux Mint, plus some other newer distributions like MXLinux and a few others that the names slipped my mind.

Yes, I can install another version of linux on a laptop in 15 to 30 minutes while watching old bad sitcoms at night, and I have, and I got bored with it.

Another thing I require is a fast interface.  I settled on XFCE4 because it looks like the versions of windows, broadly, before they went insane and decided everything should be giant ugly blocks and resemble something like Legos On Acid.

My usual configuration of XFCE4 looks like Windows 7 once I get through with it, Base fonts are usually something that looks like the London Underground with a font called “Gill Sans“.

Helvetica and Arial, as fonts, both look like hell.  A Lower Case Letter L and an Upper Case Letter I should look very distinct.   With Helvetica, it does not.  It irks the daylights out of me, along with the strange spacing between the letters (Kerning) and other very subtle things that some people have grown used to without realizing it.

So after churning through the top ten Debian Derived Distros, I tried CentOS.  It’s a Community Based option that is the shared version of the same software that runs on all the servers.  At least all the Linux Based ones that aren’t running Debian.

It was what I started with on Linux around 2000, give or take a few years.  I had a Pentium 3 Mobile laptop that I kept on the couch in my house in Philly down in the living room that was still useable in 2013 or so when CentOS dropped all support for that particular version.  Centos 3 I think.  Maybe Centos 4.  I forget.

But, CentOS is not geared towards you – or me.

It’s a place to rest my head.  To hang my Skating Helmet I guess.  You see, while it is a Server Operating System, and I could do some serious web development on that little computer, it has a major problem.

The last version of CentOS 7 was announced, and while they have a long term support for it, they do not have an upgrade path for it.

Even Windows 2000 had an upgrade that you could run to get to XP, 7, 8 (ick), 8.1 (UGLY still) and that obscene spyware that is called Windows 10.

So it’s a stop gap.  I wanted something different.  I’ll continue all that searching later.

The laptop runs well on Centos but it won’t stay there.  I’m considering a BSD for it, but not just yet.

The other problem I have with Centos is that it uses a different piece of software to install software called YUM.  They also have a newer package manager, but it also has the same problem that I see and it’s called Dependency Hell.

It is what happens when you get a circular reference while installing software.

A game is written.  It needs something to manage the way a sprite works or how it gets information into it.  That is in a library.  It requires a very specific version.  So installing the game requires you install both, Manually.

By Hand.

But… Debian (any version) does not require that.  The Debian Foundation made very sure that it just works.


So why fuss with YUM (or DNF) and Dependency Hell.

Especially when Debian has the same software library that everybody else has and I can install what I like on it.

All that just proved what the meme says.  When installing Linux, if you have any questions:

“The Answer Is Always Debian”

Seriously, anything I want for the home, for a server, for a laptop, The Answer Is Always Debian.

  • Server to write web pages?  LAMP using Debian.
  • WordPress Server?   LAMP with WordPress using Debian.
  • Graphics Work?  Debian.  In fact, it comes out of the box with Inkscape for vector grapics and GIMP for very fine photoshop work, as well as Krita and others.
  • How about Video Processing?  Debian.  Install Flowblade for Video Editing, Handbrake for Transcoding.
  • Um…Word or Excel and the rest of Office?  Debian.  Libre Office is extremely stable.
  • An old Windows Program?  Debian.  Add WINE and you can run some, but not all, Windows programs once you figure out the configuration.
  • File Server?  Debian, install and configure Samba.
  • Learn Spanish? Watch Video? Listen to the Radio?  Debian.  Doing all that right now.
  • How about DOS?  Debian.  DOS Box works great.

Haven’t you got this down yet?

Actually the exception people always bring up is Windows Games.  Some of them run on WINE, others via Steam.  I don’t play those.  Too busy, just check that list above and … you get the picture – with graphics, labels, and effects added.

I won’t go on here.  I have a feeling that little machine, David, will eventually end up with Sid, because Debian Sid is cutting edge, more up to date than Ubuntu or what ever flavor of the month that people are enamored with on this week, and because it is a Debian flavor, it will be more stable than you should expect.

Just be aware when they upgrade software, it could break.  All the names for the different versions of Debian are from the movies Toy Story.  Sid is the neighbor kid that breaks all the toys.  Debian Sid could break your toy (computer) so do a backup before you proceed with an update or an upgrade.

Yes, even Debian Stable should be backed up, and I do it once a week.  After all I do author content, like this blather.

Yes, you should too, even if your preferred “distro” is Windows.

Even you Windows people.


So I ended up going full circle.  I started on Centos, went “elsewhere” and put Centos on David.  I will get frustrated with it when I can’t play FreeCiv because I can’t find some obscure library because YUM (or DNF) is not very tasty.  I’ll eventually give in and install Debian Sid, type in sudo apt install freeciv, it will install, it will work because:

The Answer is Always Debian.

So why did I distro hop again?  Because I have the memory sticks and the time to actually “Play with” my computers instead of “Play on” them!

Debian Linux – Upgrading from Stable Stretch to Testing Buster

There is a meme that explains why I use Debian Linux.

The Answer Is Always Choose Debian.

Why?  It Just Works.  First time, every time, all the time.  More stable that ever came out from anything I have ever encountered and I have tried them all.

Mind you, I am using Debian Stable which justifiably has the reputation of being a bit behind the times.  All that stability comes from the Debian team testing the daylights out of the software.

At this time, March 2019, Debian is preparing to turn its current testing version into the stable version.  Buster will become Stable some time after summer starts.

Or Fall.  Whenever Debian is ready.  It’s ready when they say it is.

I’ve done this before, over the weekend, and a second time for practice.  The result worked, but my video editor is now the version 5 which enforces this Dark Theme that works great on a phone or tablet to save battery but is garbage on the desktop under XFCE 4.

The buttons have pearl grey text on a light grey button face.  Whoever made that decision needs to use the software and realize it just isn’t good.

The solution with that was to go to Edit/Preferences/View tab.

To get this back to the old look and feel, Change:

Buttons Style to Simple

Theme Request to Light Theme

Theme Detection to Ubuntu

I messed around with it, did a render and the render was of poor quality and glitchy.

That convinced me that it will work – later on after Debian fixes it for them and for me.

If that is the only complaint I have over a complete upgrade to a testing version of the OS, plus all the added software/apps/programs… I’ll deal!

I have an afternoon so I am doing it today while listening to a Mexican radio station on the internet with my foot up on the couch.

Standard Internet Warranty Applies:  While I, Ramblingmoose, have made every step and precaution to make certain that these instructions are complete, they are presented for you to follow at your own risk.  I make no warranty expressed or implied, to guarantee your own success.  This worked for me, twice, this week.  Your success may vary.


Make sure you have adequate backups, read the instructions, and all your equipment is in working order.


While I do not guarantee your success, I will be following this instruction set and I fully expect this all to be successful…


For Me. 



To begin.

  • Clone the hard drive.  Not just back it up but clone it.  If your backup drive is on /dev/sdb and your source drive is /def/sda then “dd if=/dev/sda of=/dev/sdb conv=noerror,sync status=progress
  • Mount the clone in a suitable computer as the boot drive.
  • Boot the computer.
  • If you end up in the recovery with a “initramfs” prompt, as root, “fsck -y /dev/sda1” and reboot to get to your expected desktop.

Now, the computer you are working from now has the backed up/cloned hard drive as your boot drive and have full control.  You are at the desktop.

Start terminal and “sudo su” to log in as root.  If you break anything, you are on your cloned drive and can start over.

Save your old /etc/apt tree to a new /etc/apt.old tree:

  • remove any “apt.old” tree that is there (be careful with this command) “rm -rf /etc/apt.old”
  • Copy the existing apt tree to a new apt.old tree for backup: “cp -r /etc/apt /etc/apt.old

Prepare the apt tree by commenting out any backports from prior versions and upgrade your sources.list to Buster.

  • Using your favorite editor, edit /etc/apt/sources.list.d/stretch-backports.list to comment out all lines or simply remove the file.
  • Edit /etc/apt/sources.list.d/base.list and change “stretch” to “buster”
  • Edit /etc/apt/sources.list and change “stable” or “stretch” to “buster”

This will allow you to jump to Buster while it is still Testing but make sure it will stay on Buster when the next Testing is created.

Hold your breath!  We’re goin’ in!

Now issue the commands to upgrade your computer to Buster:

appstreamcli refresh –force   (to force clear out the appstream system cache)  

apt update    (reports 2485 packages can be upgraded)

apt upgrade  

NOTE: It will be necessary to watch this process if you have a mature system.  

It asked to restart xscreensaver and xlockmore twice. OK

It asked to “Restart services during package upgrades without asking?”  Yes

It failed on a restart for xrdp which is no problem, I will reboot after the process is done. OK

It asked to restart xscreensaver and xlockmore again.  OK

Mine required intervention on the upgrade of multiple packages due to my making changes in the conf files.  

Verify by selecting “N” keep current version or “D” to compare versions 

Specifically crontab, tumbler.rc, smb.conf, sysctl.conf, /etc/default/ufw, xrdp.ini

GRUB wanted to be reinstalled to my boot device.  I selected /dev/sda and /dev/sda1


At this point, the upgrade has completed.

There will be more software to upgrade, it asked me to upgrade another 7xx programs when it checked.


Final Clean Up


Three last steps.

First, the system itself asked to be updated again via the graphical software installer.  This is equivalent to running “apt update”  and “apt upgrade” once again.

Then a distribution upgrade to bring the software yet again up to date and synchronize all the software levels.  Seemed redundant since the command when issued had no effect.  However, “apt dist-upgrade” will complete the task

And Finally Finally!

To remove all redundant, unused packages as well as to clear things up for next time “apt autoremove”


At this point, you’re done, reboot, and use your computer as normal.

Badblocks – Conclusively Diagnosing a Harddrive with Linux

I was presented with a computer hard drive that “died”.

Since it was a SSD and useful size of 500 GB, I really did not want to throw it out.

Step 1 was to use FSCK to check the device.  Similar to CHKDSK on windows.  The drive was clean.  fsck -y /dev/sdc1

Step 2 was to clone my existing drive to it to test whether DD would detect problems.  The drive was clean. dd if=/dev/sda of=/dev/sdc conv=noerror,sync status=progress

Step 3 was to realize there had to be a better way.


It came on my Debian distribution.  Oh and “free” since I am using Linux for everything here.  If you are running Windows or Mac, download a “live” disk of Linux, find instructions on how to boot from a live computer and give it a go.

What it will do is conclusively, and exhaustively test a hard drive by writing a pattern to it, byte by byte.  Then badblock will compare to see if it actually wrote onto the hard drive.

The end of my story is that drive was perfect, and I recommended to the client a replacement of the computer.  They did not want the drive back, and since the computer was “past the warranty” it was recycled.

Badblock is not generally recommended to be used to do a read only test.  Everywhere I have seen suggests using badblock to destructively test a hard drive.

Warning: This will destroy any data on the drive if you use the “-w” flag. 

This is also a way to securely wipe the data since you can tell badblock to do a number of passes using the -p flag.  For 1 Pass include -p 1 in the entry.  Five passes is -p 5 .

Set aside a block of time to do this.  My drive was on USB 3.0 and it took 29 Hours to complete.  YMMV!  Use USB 3 if you can, or plug it directly into the computer.

Step 1 – Connect the offending drive into a USB drive container, plug it into the testing computer, and power it on.

Step 2 – As Root, run “dmesg” in Terminal.  It will tell you at the end that you plugged a drive into your computer, what the device name is such as /dev/sdc,  and the block size of the drive in bytes.

Step 3 – Run the command.  Running this with the “-w” flag will destroy any data on the drive.

Final Warning – RUNNING THIS COMMAND WILL DESTROY ANY DATA ON THE DRIVE.   Badblock will refuse to run if the drive is mounted, so you may have to turn the drive off, and back on, to make sure the drive is unmounted.

The Command that will wipe all data and conclusively test the drive for me was:

badblock -w -p 1 -b 512 -c 1024 -s /dev/sdc

First, if you see the picture at the top, I should have used 512 and not 4096.  It simply means that Badblock was a bit less efficient.  See the line in the picture that starts “[224902.607064]”.

Second the -c 1024 seems unnecessary since it is testing 1024 blocks at a time.  64 is default.

Third since I did not specify the “-e” flag, it was to run to finish or report an error and terminate.  That was intentional.  If you have a lot of errors already on the drive, you can estimate the errors and list them in a text file to be used in badblocks to skip those.

If you wanted to get fancy.

Mine ran to end of job and finished with a simple “Reading and comparing: done” message.

I now have a new-to-me 500GB SSD.  Yay for me, right?

Oh and that weird “^[[15~” stuff was from when I dropped my keyboard about 6 plus hours into the whole thing.  It spewed garbage into the terminal session but kept running.

How to get Tap To Click back on Debian 10 Buster XFCE Linux install

At this time, 2018-11-24, Buster is Testing.

This can change in the two months before it becomes Stable.

I had written this article on how to get tap to click on Debian 9 about the same time frame, and it worked then.

This does not work on Buster.  When I tried it this morning, rebooted, and was presented with terminal only and a login screen.  Removing the files that I created got me back to where I was.


I am doing this on a Lenovo Thinkpad X1 Carbon Version 2, however most thinkpads will be similar.  (sweet machine even if that control strip is evil)

My install of Debian is from the Non-Free tree.

Fortunately this is MUCH easier as of this date.

1) start Terminal

2) sudo su

3) apt update

3) apt install xserver-xorg-input-synaptics

4) reboot


To configure Tap To Click


1) Click application menu

2) Settings, Mouse and Touchpad

3) Click the Touchpad link on the Devices page with SynPS/2 Synaptics touchpad selected

4) Click Tap touchpad to click

5) Optionally, select Disable Touchpad While Typing, and move slider down to .5 seconds

6) I also disabled Scrolling Mode

Ramblingmoose Program List for November 2018

Sorry, no pictures.  The list is too long to allow for it!


My computer died, but I have a lot of backups.

Always have a backup and clones are always helpful.

If not a hard drive clone, get a list of what you have and reinstall the software – trivial on Debian Linux.  This works on a Distro that is “derived” from Debian such as Ubuntu, Mint and others.

I’ll get back to that later via Synaptic.

Always test the backup clone so you don’t have Shrodingers Backup – The Backup you don’t know if it will work or not until it is too late.

Windows and Mac have their own backup tools, if you’re lucky you get an exact copy of your hard drive.

With Linux and Mac, that’s trivial to do if you have the time.  Just use “dd”.

Specifically for me that is as Root in Terminal:

dd if=/dev/sda of=/dev/sdb conv=noerror,sync status=progress

Then ignore the machine as it makes an exact copy of the computer, bit by bit.

But, what if you’re trying to migrate to a new computer where the old one is dead?

That was what happened to me.  My daily driver, work computer was a 5 year old Thinkpad T530.  I used it for more than 12 hours a day, moving from desk to table to lap mutiple times a day.

One day I picked up the laptop by the right lower corner, putting pressure from below.  With a crack, the monitor went white.  I set it down, and proceeded to drain the power from the computer – remove battery, unplug, and hold the power button for 10 seconds, followed by 10 power button presses.

It came back, but that damage was done.  Last Thursday it gave me a white screen and would not come back on.

She’s dead, Jim.

I was able to remove the drive and plug it into another computer, an Intel NUC with very different hardware.  Linux allows that, the palm sized NUC simply came on and was ready with my old environment.

It’s not completely stable, there are some driver issues, but it’s working and I am on it now.

Eventually I will have to do a complete reload of the computer so that I can get everything stable.

Since I am running on my old T530’s hard drive, I can make a listing of all the “markings” within a program that contains all the programs that I can install.  Synaptic creates that easily, and I have that list below.   It’s sorted in order so that I can easily go through and remove the 20 or so language check files that Debian insists that I have.  I mean, come on, I only speak English and Spanish, and a word or five of French.

To save and create the markings file:

  1. Start Synaptic on your old install.
  2. Click on File, Save Markings as.
  3. Point to the directory you want to save to.
  4. Give the Dialogue Box a file name.
  5. Tick the box at the bottom that says “Save Full State, Not Only Changes”
  6. OK.

The recovery restore in that case is as follows:

  1. Using a copy of Debian Stable Non-Free 64 Bit, Install to a computer.
  2. Get that computer connected to the internet.
  3. Start Synaptic.
  4. File, Read Markings.
  5. Answer the dialogue box to point it to the markings file that you created before.
  6. Finally click Apply.

You now have a computer with all the software that I run.

This should also work if you want to change from one Debian Based Distro to another, such as say, Hannah Montana Linux.

Yes, it is legal, Linux software is all free to use, there is no such thing as Piracy when you are using Linux from the repositories.

Then you follow all this up by replacing your home directories from your backup, replace any configuration files for Samba and other software, and you should be back with a new computer and all your familiar software.

You will almost certainly need some odd system files from the old machine such as



and some others that you will need to find over time as you realize stuff doesn’t work any longer.

But that’s it, it simply works.  I’ve done this a couple times although a hard drive clone is typically much simpler “mentally”.  You don’t have to think when you have a clone of the hard drive and plug it in the other machine.

All that aside, Here is the Ramblingmoose Software List for Debian for November 2018

…—… …—… …—… …—… …—… …—… …—… …—…

acl        install

acpid        install

adduser        install

adwaita-icon-theme        install

aglfn        install

airspy        install

aisleriot        install

albatross-gtk-theme        install

alsa-utils        install

anacron        install

anthy-common        install

anthy        install

ant        install

ant-optional        install

apparmor        install

appstream        install

apt-config-auto-update        install

apt        install

apt-transport-https        install

apt-utils        install

ark        install

aspell-am        install

aspell-ar        install

aspell-ar-large        install

aspell-bg        install

aspell-bn        install

aspell-ca        install

aspell-cs        install

aspell-cy        install

aspell-da        install

aspell-de-1901        install

aspell-de-alt        install

aspell-de        install

aspell-el        install

aspell-en        install

aspell-eo        install

aspell-es        install

aspell-et        install

aspell-eu-es        install

aspell-eu        install

aspell-fa        install

aspell-fr        install

aspell-ga        install

aspell-gl-minimos        install

aspell-gu        install

aspell-he        install

aspell-hi        install

aspell-hr        install

aspell-hu        install

aspell        install

aspell-is        install

aspell-it        install

aspell-kk        install

aspell-ku        install

aspell-lt        install

aspell-lv        install

aspell-ml        install

aspell-mr        install

aspell-nl        install

aspell-no        install

aspell-pa        install

aspell-pl        install

aspell-pt-br        install

aspell-pt-pt        install

aspell-ro        install

aspell-ru        install

aspell-sk        install

aspell-sl        install

aspell-sv        install

aspell-ta        install

aspell-te        install

aspell-tl        install

aspell-uk        install

atop        install

at-spi2-core        install

attr        install

audacity-data        install

audacity        install

avahi-autoipd        install

avahi-daemon        install

backintime-common        install

backintime-qt4        install

banshee        install

base-files        install

base-passwd        install

bash        install

bc        install

bdf2psf        install

bidiv        install

bind9-host        install

binfmt-support        install

binutils        install

bittornado-gui        install

bittornado        install

bittorrent-gui        install

bittorrent        install

blackbird-gtk-theme        install

blender-data        install

blender        install

blt        install

bluebird-gtk-theme        install

bluedevil        install

blueman        install

bluetooth        install

bluez        install

bluez-obexd        install

brasero-cdrkit        install

brasero-common        install

brasero        install

brave        install

bsdmainutils        install

bsdutils        install

bubblewrap        install

bucklespring-data        install

bucklespring        install

busybox        install

bzip2        install

cabextract        install

ca-certificates        install

ca-certificates-java        install

ca-certificates-mono        install

calibre-bin        install

calibre        install

cdrdao        install

chkrootkit        install

cifs-utils        install

clamav-base        install

clamav-freshclam        install

clamav        install

clamtk        install

cli-common        install

coinor-libcbc3        install

coinor-libcgl1        install

coinor-libclp1        install

coinor-libcoinmp1v5        install

coinor-libcoinutils3v5        install

coinor-libosi1v5        install

colord-data        install

colord        install

console-setup        install

console-setup-linux        install

coreutils        install

cpio        install

cpp-6        install

cpp        install

crda        install

cron        install

culmus        install

cups-browsed        install

cups-client        install

cups-common        install

cups-core-drivers        install

cups-daemon        install

cups-filters-core-drivers        install

cups-filters        install

cups        install

cups-pk-helper        install

cups-ppdc        install

cups-server-common        install

curl        install

dash        install

dbus        install

dbus-user-session        install

dbus-x11        install

dconf-cli        install

dconf-gsettings-backend        install

dconf-service        install

debconf-i18n        install

debconf        install

debian-archive-keyring        install

debian-reference-common        install

debian-reference-es        install

debian-reference-it        install

debianutils        install

debian-zh-faq-s        install

deb-multimedia-keyring        install

default-java-plugin        install

default-jre-headless        install

default-jre        install

desktop-base        install

desktop-file-utils        install

dh-python        install

dialog        install

dictionaries-common        install

diffutils        install

distro-info-data        install

dkms        install

dmg2img        install

dmidecode        install

dmsetup        install

dnsmasq-base        install

dns-root-data        install

docbook-xml        install

doc-debian-fr        install

doc-linux-fr-text        install

doc-linux-pl-html        install

doc-linux-pl        install

dopewars-data        install

dopewars        install

dosbox        install

dosfstools        install

dpkg        install

dragonplayer        install

dvdauthor        install

dvdisaster-doc        install

dvdisaster        install

dvdrip-doc        install

dvdrip        install

dvgrab        install

e2fslibs        install

e2fsprogs        install

eject        install

emacsen-common        install

enchant        install

esound-common        install

espeak-ng-data        install

etherwake        install

evince-common        install

evince-gtk        install

evince        install

exfalso        install

exfat-fuse        install

exfat-utils        install

exo-utils        install

fakeroot        install

fbterm        install

fcitx-bin        install

fcitx-config-common        install

fcitx-config-gtk        install

fcitx-data        install

fcitx-frontend-all        install

fcitx-frontend-gtk2        install

fcitx-frontend-gtk3        install

fcitx-frontend-qt4        install

fcitx-frontend-qt5        install

fcitx-googlepinyin        install

fcitx        install

fcitx-m17n        install

fcitx-module-dbus        install

fcitx-module-kimpanel        install

fcitx-module-lua        install

fcitx-modules        install

fcitx-module-x11        install

fcitx-pinyin        install

fcitx-sunpinyin        install

fcitx-table-amharic        install

fcitx-table        install

fcitx-table-malayalam-phonetic        install

fcitx-table-wubi        install

fcitx-ui-classic        install

ffmpeg        install

ffmpegthumbnailer        install

fig2dev        install

file        install

findutils        install

firefox-esr        install

firefox-esr-l10n-ar        install

firefox-esr-l10n-ast        install

firefox-esr-l10n-bg        install

firefox-esr-l10n-bn-bd        install

firefox-esr-l10n-bn-in        install

firefox-esr-l10n-bs        install

firefox-esr-l10n-ca        install

firefox-esr-l10n-cs        install

firefox-esr-l10n-cy        install

firefox-esr-l10n-da        install

firefox-esr-l10n-de        install

firefox-esr-l10n-el        install

firefox-esr-l10n-en-gb        install

firefox-esr-l10n-en-za        install

firefox-esr-l10n-eo        install

firefox-esr-l10n-es-ar        install

firefox-esr-l10n-es-cl        install

firefox-esr-l10n-es-es        install

firefox-esr-l10n-es-mx        install

firefox-esr-l10n-et        install

firefox-esr-l10n-eu        install

firefox-esr-l10n-fa        install

firefox-esr-l10n-fi        install

firefox-esr-l10n-fr        install

firefox-esr-l10n-ga-ie        install

firefox-esr-l10n-gl        install

firefox-esr-l10n-gu-in        install

firefox-esr-l10n-he        install

firefox-esr-l10n-hi-in        install

firefox-esr-l10n-hr        install

firefox-esr-l10n-hu        install

firefox-esr-l10n-id        install

firefox-esr-l10n-is        install

firefox-esr-l10n-it        install

firefox-esr-l10n-ja        install

firefox-esr-l10n-kk        install

firefox-esr-l10n-km        install

firefox-esr-l10n-kn        install

firefox-esr-l10n-ko        install

firefox-esr-l10n-lt        install

firefox-esr-l10n-lv        install

firefox-esr-l10n-mk        install

firefox-esr-l10n-ml        install

firefox-esr-l10n-mr        install

firefox-esr-l10n-nb-no        install

firefox-esr-l10n-nl        install

firefox-esr-l10n-nn-no        install

firefox-esr-l10n-pa-in        install

firefox-esr-l10n-pl        install

firefox-esr-l10n-pt-br        install

firefox-esr-l10n-pt-pt        install

firefox-esr-l10n-ro        install

firefox-esr-l10n-ru        install

firefox-esr-l10n-si        install

firefox-esr-l10n-sk        install

firefox-esr-l10n-sl        install

firefox-esr-l10n-sq        install

firefox-esr-l10n-sr        install

firefox-esr-l10n-sv-se        install

firefox-esr-l10n-ta        install

firefox-esr-l10n-te        install

firefox-esr-l10n-th        install

firefox-esr-l10n-tr        install

firefox-esr-l10n-uk        install

firefox-esr-l10n-vi        install

firefox-esr-l10n-zh-cn        install

firefox-esr-l10n-zh-tw        install

firmware-iwlwifi        install

firmware-linux-free        install

flameshot        install

flatpak        install

flowblade        install

fontconfig-config        install

fontconfig        install

font-manager        install

fonts-arabeyes        install

fonts-arphic-ukai        install

fonts-arphic-uming        install

fonts-averia-gwf        install

fonts-averia-sans-gwf        install

fonts-averia-serif-gwf        install

fonts-beng-extra        install

fonts-beng        install

fonts-beteckna        install

fonts-bpg-georgian        install

fonts-cabin        install

fonts-cantarell        install

fonts-crosextra-caladea        install

fonts-crosextra-carlito        install

fonts-dancingscript        install

fonts-dejavu-core        install

fonts-dejavu-extra        install

fonts-dejavu        install

fonts-deva-extra        install

fonts-deva        install

fonts-dkg-handwriting        install

fonts-dosis        install

fonts-droid-fallback        install

fonts-dustin        install

fonts-dzongkha        install

fonts-fantasque-sans        install

fonts-farsiweb        install

fonts-font-awesome        install

fonts-freefont-ttf        install

fonts-gargi        install

fonts-gujr-extra        install

fonts-gujr        install

fonts-guru-extra        install

fonts-guru        install

fonts-hack-ttf        install

fonts-humor-sans        install

fonts-ipafont-gothic        install

fonts-ipafont        install

fonts-ipafont-mincho        install

fonts-kacst        install

fonts-kacst-one        install

fonts-kalapi        install

fonts-khmeros        install

fonts-lato        install

fonts-liberation        install

fonts-linuxlibertine        install

fonts-lmodern        install

fonts-lohit-beng-assamese        install

fonts-lohit-beng-bengali        install

fonts-lohit-deva        install

fonts-lohit-gujr        install

fonts-lohit-guru        install

fonts-lohit-knda        install

fonts-lohit-mlym        install

fonts-lohit-taml-classical        install

fonts-lohit-taml        install

fonts-lohit-telu        install

fonts-lyx        install

fonts-mathjax        install

fonts-mlym        install

fonts-nakula        install

fonts-nanum-coding        install

fonts-nanum        install

fonts-noto-cjk        install

fonts-noto-hinted        install

fonts-noto        install

fonts-noto-mono        install

fonts-noto-unhinted        install

fonts-opendin        install

fonts-opensymbol        install

fonts-oxygen        install

fonts-play        install

fonts-quattrocento        install

fonts-roboto-hinted        install

fonts-roboto        install

fonts-sahadeva        install

fonts-samyak-deva        install

fonts-samyak-gujr        install

fonts-samyak-mlym        install

fonts-samyak-taml        install

fonts-sarai        install

fonts-sil-abyssinica        install

fonts-sil-andika        install

fonts-sil-gentium-basic        install

fonts-sil-gentium        install

fonts-sipa-arundina        install

fonts-smc        install

fonts-taml        install

fonts-telu-extra        install

fonts-telu        install

fonts-texgyre        install

fonts-thai-tlwg        install

fonts-tlwg-garuda        install

fonts-tlwg-garuda-ttf        install

fonts-tlwg-kinnari        install

fonts-tlwg-kinnari-ttf        install

fonts-tlwg-laksaman        install

fonts-tlwg-laksaman-ttf        install

fonts-tlwg-loma        install

fonts-tlwg-loma-ttf        install

fonts-tlwg-mono        install

fonts-tlwg-mono-ttf        install

fonts-tlwg-norasi        install

fonts-tlwg-norasi-ttf        install

fonts-tlwg-purisa        install

fonts-tlwg-purisa-ttf        install

fonts-tlwg-sawasdee        install

fonts-tlwg-sawasdee-ttf        install

fonts-tlwg-typewriter        install

fonts-tlwg-typewriter-ttf        install

fonts-tlwg-typist        install

fonts-tlwg-typist-ttf        install

fonts-tlwg-typo        install

fonts-tlwg-typo-ttf        install

fonts-tlwg-umpush        install

fonts-tlwg-umpush-ttf        install

fonts-tlwg-waree        install

fonts-tlwg-waree-ttf        install

fonts-ukij-uyghur        install

fonts-unikurdweb        install

fonts-vlgothic        install

fonts-wine        install

fonts-wqy-microhei        install

fonts-wqy-zenhei        install

fortune-mod        install

fortunes-debian-hints        install

fortunes-it        install

fortunes-min        install

fortune-zh        install

fping        install

freeciv-client-extras        install

freeciv-client-gtk        install

freeciv-data        install

freeciv        install

freeciv-server        install

freeciv-sound-standard        install

freeglut3        install

freepats        install

freerdp-x11        install

frei0r-plugins        install

fuse        install

g++-6        install

gawk        install

gcc-6-base:i386        install

gcc-6-base        install

gcc-6        install

gcc        install

gcj-6-jre-lib        install

gconf2-common        install

gconf2        install

gconf-service        install

gcr        install

gdisk        install

genisoimage        install

geoclue-2.0        install

geoip-database        install

gettext-base        install

ghostscript        install

gimp-data        install

gimp-help-common        install

gimp-help-sv        install

gimp        install

g++        install

gir1.2-appindicator3-0.1        install

gir1.2-atk-1.0        install

gir1.2-atspi-2.0        install

gir1.2-evince-3.0        install

gir1.2-freedesktop        install

gir1.2-gconf-2.0        install

gir1.2-gdkpixbuf-2.0        install

gir1.2-glib-2.0        install

gir1.2-gnomekeyring-1.0        install

gir1.2-gst-plugins-base-1.0        install

gir1.2-gstreamer-1.0        install

gir1.2-gtk-3.0        install

gir1.2-gtksource-3.0        install

gir1.2-ibus-1.0        install

gir1.2-javascriptcoregtk-3.0        install

gir1.2-javascriptcoregtk-4.0        install

gir1.2-keybinder-3.0        install

gir1.2-notify-0.7        install

gir1.2-packagekitglib-1.0        install

gir1.2-pango-1.0        install

gir1.2-peas-1.0        install

gir1.2-rb-3.0        install

gir1.2-rsvg-2.0        install

gir1.2-secret-1        install

gir1.2-soup-2.4        install

gir1.2-sugarext-1.0        install

gir1.2-webkit2-4.0        install

gir1.2-webkit-3.0        install

gir1.2-wnck-3.0        install

git        install

git-man        install

glib-networking-common        install

glib-networking        install

glib-networking-services        install

gmic        install

gnome-accessibility-themes        install

gnome-desktop3-data        install

gnome-icon-theme        install

gnome-keyring        install

gnome-mime-data        install

gnome-orca        install

gnome-packagekit-data        install

gnome-packagekit        install

gnome-software-common        install

gnome-software        install

gnome-software-plugin-flatpak        install

gnome-themes-standard-data        install

gnome-themes-standard        install

gnome-user-guide        install

gnupg-agent        install

gnupg        install

gnuplot-data        install

gnuplot-x11        install

gnuradio-dev        install

gnuradio        install

gnustep-base-common        install

gnustep-base-runtime        install

gnustep-common        install

gocr        install

goldendict        install

gparted        install

gpart        install

gpgv        install

gqrx-sdr        install

graphviz        install

grep        install

greybird-gtk-theme        install

gr-fcdproplus        install

gr-fosphor        install

gr-iqbal        install

groff-base        install

gr-osmosdr        install

growisofs        install

grub2-common        install

grub-common        install

grub-pc-bin        install

grub-pc        install

gsettings-desktop-schemas        install

gsfonts        install

gsfonts-x11        install

gstreamer1.0-alsa        install

gstreamer1.0-libav        install

gstreamer1.0-nice        install

gstreamer1.0-plugins-bad        install

gstreamer1.0-plugins-base        install

gstreamer1.0-plugins-good        install

gstreamer1.0-plugins-ugly        install

gstreamer1.0-pulseaudio        install

gstreamer1.0-x        install

gtk2-engines-murrine        install

gtk2-engines-pixbuf        install

gtk2-engines-xfce        install

gtk2-ex-formfactory-perl        install

gtk-update-icon-cache        install

gufw        install

guile-2.0-libs        install

gvfs-backends        install

gvfs-bin        install

gvfs-common        install

gvfs-daemons        install

gvfs-fuse        install

gvfs        install

gvfs-libs        install

gzip        install

handbrake-cli        install

handbrake-gtk        install

handbrake        install

hicolor-icon-theme        install

hostname        install

hspell-gui        install

hspell        install

hunspell-ar        install

hunspell-be        install

hunspell-bn        install

hunspell-bs        install

hunspell-ca        install

hunspell-cs        install

hunspell-de-at        install

hunspell-de-ch        install

hunspell-de-de        install

hunspell-en-gb        install

hunspell-en-us        install

hunspell-eu-es        install

hunspell-eu        install

hunspell-fr-classical        install

hunspell-fr        install

hunspell-gl-es        install

hunspell-gu        install

hunspell-hi        install

hunspell-hu        install

hunspell        install

hunspell-is        install

hunspell-it        install

hunspell-kk        install

hunspell-kmr        install

hunspell-ko        install

hunspell-lt        install

hunspell-ml        install

hunspell-ne        install

hunspell-ro        install

hunspell-se        install

hunspell-si        install

hunspell-sl        install

hunspell-sr        install

hunspell-sv-se        install

hunspell-te        install

hunspell-th        install

hunspell-vi        install

hyphen-de        install

hyphen-en-us        install

hyphen-hr        install

hyphen-hu        install

hyphen-lt        install

i965-va-driver:i386        install

i965-va-driver        install

iamerican        install

ibrazilian        install

ibritish        install

ibulgarian        install

ibus-hangul        install

ibus        install

icatalan        install

icedtea-8-plugin        install

icedtea-netx-common        install

icedtea-netx        install

idanish        install

idutch        install

ienglish-common        install

ifrench-gut        install

ifupdown        install

ihungarian        install

iio-sensor-proxy        install

iitalian        install

ilithuanian        install

imagemagick-6-common        install

imagemagick-6.q16        install

imagemagick        install

im-config        install

imwheel        install

inetutils-ping        install

ingerman        install

init        install

initramfs-tools-core        install

initramfs-tools        install

init-system-helpers        install

inkscape        install

inorwegian        install

install-info        install

ipolish        install

iportuguese        install

iproute2        install

iptables        install

iputils-arping        install

irqbalance        install

irussian        install

isc-dhcp-client        install

isc-dhcp-common        install

iso-codes        install

ispanish        install

ispell        install

iswiss        install

itools        install

iukrainian        install

iw        install

java-common        install

javascript-common        install

kactivities-bin        install

kactivitymanagerd        install

kasumi        install

kbd        install

keyboard-configuration        install

khmerconverter        install

kio        install

klibc-utils        install

kmod        install

konwert-filters        install

konwert        install

kpackagelauncherqml        install

kpackagetool5        install

krb5-locales        install

less        install

liba52-0.7.4        install

libaa1        install

libaacs0        install

libabw-0.1-1        install

libacl1        install

libaio1        install

libairspy0        install

libalure1        install

libamd2        install

libann0        install

libanthy0        install

libanyevent-perl        install

libao4        install

libao-common        install

libapache-poi-java        install

libapache-pom-java        install

libapparmor1        install

libapparmor-perl        install

libappindicator1        install

libappindicator3-1        install

libappstream4        install

libappstream-glib8        install

libapt-inst2.0        install

libapt-pkg5.0        install

libarchive13        install

libaribb24-0        install

libaribb25-0        install

libart-2.0-2        install

libasan3        install

libasound2-data        install

libasound2:i386        install

libasound2        install

libasound2-plugins:i386        install

libasound2-plugins        install

libaspell15        install

libass9        install

libassuan0        install

libasync-interrupt-perl        install

libasyncns0:i386        install

libasyncns0        install

libatasmart4        install

libatk1.0-0        install

libatk1.0-data        install

libatk-adaptor        install

libatk-bridge2.0-0        install

libatkmm-1.6-1v5        install

libatk-wrapper-java        install

libatk-wrapper-java-jni        install

libatomic1        install

libatspi2.0-0        install

libattr1        install

libaudio2        install

libaudiofile1        install

libaudit1        install

libaudit-common        install

libauthen-sasl-perl        install

libavahi-client3:i386        install

libavahi-client3        install

libavahi-common3:i386        install

libavahi-common3        install

libavahi-common-data:i386        install

libavahi-common-data        install

libavahi-core7        install

libavahi-glib1        install

libavahi-gobject0        install

libavahi-ui-gtk3-0        install

libavc1394-0        install

libavcodec57:i386        install

libavcodec57        install

libavdevice57        install

libavfilter6        install

libavformat57        install

libavresample3:i386        install

libavresample3        install

libavutil55:i386        install

libavutil55        install

libayatana-appindicator3-1        install

libayatana-ido3-0.4-0        install

libayatana-indicator3-7        install

libbabl-0.1-0        install

libbase-java        install

libbasicusageenvironment1        install

libbcmail-java        install

libbcpkix-java        install

libbcprov-java        install

libbind9-140        install

libbladerf1        install

libblas3        install

libblas-common        install

libblkid1        install

libblosc1        install

libbluetooth3        install

libbluray1        install

libbluray2        install

libbonobo2-0        install

libbonobo2-common        install

libbonoboui2-0        install

libbonoboui2-common        install

libboost1.62-dev        install

libboost-atomic1.62.0        install

libboost-atomic1.62-dev        install

libboost-chrono1.62.0        install

libboost-chrono1.62-dev        install

libboost-date-time1.62.0        install

libboost-date-time1.62-dev        install

libboost-date-time-dev        install

libboost-filesystem1.62.0        install

libboost-filesystem1.62-dev        install

libboost-filesystem-dev        install

libboost-iostreams1.62.0        install

libboost-locale1.62.0        install

libboost-program-options1.62.0        install

libboost-program-options1.62-dev        install

libboost-program-options-dev        install

libboost-python1.62.0        install

libboost-regex1.62.0        install

libboost-serialization1.62.0        install

libboost-serialization1.62-dev        install

libboost-system1.62.0        install

libboost-system1.62-dev        install

libboost-system-dev        install

libboost-test1.62.0        install

libboost-test1.62-dev        install

libboost-test-dev        install

libboost-thread1.62.0        install

libboost-thread1.62-dev        install

libboost-thread-dev        install

libboost-timer1.62.0        install

libbrasero-media3-1        install

libbrlapi0.6        install

libbs2b0        install

libbsd0:i386        install

libbsd0        install

libbsh-java        install

libburn4        install

libbz2-1.0        install

libc6-dev        install

libc6:i386        install

libc6        install

libcaca0        install

libcairo2:i386        install

libcairo2        install

libcairo-gobject2        install

libcairomm-1.0-1v5        install

libcairo-perl        install

libcamd2        install

libcanberra0        install

libcanberra-gtk3-0        install

libcanberra-gtk3-module        install

libcap2-bin        install

libcap2:i386        install

libcap2        install

libcap-ng0        install

libc-bin        install

libcc1-0        install

libccolamd2        install

libcddb2        install

libc-dev-bin        install

libcdio13        install

libcdio-cdda1        install

libcdio-paranoia1        install

libcdparanoia0        install

libcdr-0.1-1        install

libcdt5        install

libcgraph6        install

libchewing3-data        install

libchewing3        install

libchm1        install

libcholmod3        install

libchromaprint1        install

libcilkrts5        install

libc-l10n        install

libclamav7        install

libcln6        install

libclucene-contribs1v5        install

libclucene-core1v5        install

libcmis-0.5-5v5        install

libcodec2-0.4        install

libcolamd2        install

libcolord2        install

libcolorhug2        install

libcomedi0        install

libcomerr2:i386        install

libcomerr2        install

libcommons-codec-java        install

libcommons-collections3-java        install

libcommon-sense-perl        install

libcommons-logging-java        install

libcommons-parent-java        install

libcppunit-1.13-0v5        install

libcppunit-dev        install

libcroco3        install

libcryptsetup4        install

libcrystalhd3:i386        install

libcrystalhd3        install

libcups2:i386        install

libcups2        install

libcupscgi1        install

libcupsfilters1        install

libcupsimage2        install

libcupsmime1        install

libcupsppdc1        install

libcurl3-gnutls        install

libcurl3        install

libdaemon0        install

libdatrie1        install

libdb5.3:i386        install

libdb5.3        install

libdbus-1-3:i386        install

libdbus-1-3        install

libdbus2.0-cil        install

libdbus-glib-1-2        install

libdbus-glib2.0-cil        install

libdbusmenu-glib4        install

libdbusmenu-gtk3-4        install

libdbusmenu-gtk4        install

libdbusmenu-qt5-2        install

libdc1394-22        install

libdca0        install

libdconf1        install

libdebconfclient0        install

libdee-1.0-4        install

libdevmapper1.02.1        install

libdirectfb-1.2-9        install

libdjvulibre21        install

libdjvulibre-text        install

libdmapsharing-3.0-2        install

libdns162        install

libdns-export162        install

libdom4j-java        install

libdotconf0        install

libdouble-conversion1        install

libdrm2:i386        install

libdrm2        install

libdrm-amdgpu1:i386        install

libdrm-amdgpu1        install

libdrm-intel1:i386        install

libdrm-intel1        install

libdrm-nouveau2:i386        install

libdrm-nouveau2        install

libdrm-radeon1:i386        install

libdrm-radeon1        install

libdsm3        install

libdumb1        install

libdv4        install

libdvbpsi10        install

libdvdcss2        install

libdvdnav4        install

libdvdread4        install

libeb16        install

libebml4v5        install

libe-book-0.1-1        install

libedit2:i386        install

libedit2        install

libegl1-mesa        install

libehcache-java        install

libelf1:i386        install

libelf1        install

libenca0        install

libenchant1c2a        install

libenchant-voikko        install

libencode-locale-perl        install

libeot0        install

libepoxy0        install

libept1.5.0        install

liberror-perl        install

libesd0        install

libespeak-ng1        install

libestr0        install

libetonyek-0.1-1        install

libevdev2        install

libevdocument3-4        install

libevent-2.0-5        install

libevent-execflow-perl        install

libevent-perl        install

libevent-rpc-perl        install

libev-perl        install

libevview3-3        install

libexempi3        install

libexif12        install

libexiv2-14        install

libexo-1-0        install

libexo-common        install

libexo-helpers        install

libexpat1-dev        install

libexpat1:i386        install

libexpat1        install

libexttextcat-2.0-0        install

libexttextcat-data        install

libfaac0        install

libfaad2        install

libfakeroot        install

libfam0        install

libfarstream-0.2-5        install

libfastjson4        install

libfcitx-config4        install

libfcitx-core0        install

libfcitx-gclient0        install

libfcitx-qt0        install

libfcitx-qt5-1        install

libfcitx-utils0        install

libfdisk1        install

libfdk-aac1:i386        install

libfdk-aac1        install

libffi6:i386        install

libffi6        install

libffmpegthumbnailer4v5        install

libfftw3-bin        install

libfftw3-dev        install

libfftw3-double3        install

libfftw3-long3        install

libfftw3-quad3        install

libfftw3-single3        install

libfile-basedir-perl        install

libfile-copy-recursive-perl        install

libfile-desktopentry-perl        install

libfile-listing-perl        install

libfile-mimeinfo-perl        install

libflac++6v5        install

libflac8:i386        install

libflac8        install

libflatpak0        install

libflite1        install

libfltk1.3        install

libfltk-images1.3        install

libfluidsynth1        install

libflute-java        install

libfont-afm-perl        install

libfontconfig1:i386        install

libfontconfig1        install

libfontembed1        install

libfontenc1        install

libfonts-java        install

libformula-java        install

libfreehand-0.1-1        install

libfreerdp2-2        install

libfreerdp-cache1.1        install

libfreerdp-client1.1        install

libfreerdp-client2-2        install

libfreerdp-codec1.1        install

libfreerdp-common1.1.0        install

libfreerdp-core1.1        install

libfreerdp-crypto1.1        install

libfreerdp-gdi1.1        install

libfreerdp-locale1.1        install

libfreerdp-plugins-standard        install

libfreerdp-primitives1.1        install

libfreerdp-rail1.1        install

libfreerdp-utils1.1        install

libfreetype6:i386        install

libfreetype6        install

libfribidi0        install

libfuse2        install

libfwupd1        install

libgadu3        install

libgail18        install

libgail-common        install

libgarcon-1-0        install

libgarcon-common        install

libgavl1        install

libgbm1        install

libgc1c2        install

libgcab-1.0-0        install

libgcc1:i386        install

libgcc1        install

libgcc-6-dev        install

libgcj17        install

libgcj-bc        install

libgcj-common        install

libgck-1-0        install

libgconf2.0-cil        install

libgconf-2-4        install

libgcr-3-common        install

libgcr-base-3-1        install

libgcroots0        install

libgcr-ui-3-1        install

libgcrypt20:i386        install

libgcrypt20        install

libgd3        install

libgdata2.1-cil        install

libgdata22        install

libgdata-common        install

libgdbm3        install

libgdiplus        install

libgdk-pixbuf2.0-0        install

libgdk-pixbuf2.0-common        install

libgee-0.8-2        install

libgegl-0.3-0        install

libgeoclue-2-0        install

libgeoip1        install

libgettextpo0        install

libgexiv2-2        install

libgfortran3        install

libgif7        install

libgimp2.0        install

libgirepository-1.0-1        install

libgkeyfile1.0-cil        install

libgl1-mesa-dri:i386        install

libgl1-mesa-dri        install

libgl1-mesa-glx:i386        install

libgl1-mesa-glx        install

libglade2-0        install

libglapi-mesa:i386        install

libglapi-mesa        install

libgles2-mesa        install

libglew2.0        install

libglfw3        install

libglib2.0-0        install

libglib2.0-bin        install

libglib2.0-cil        install

libglib2.0-data        install

libglibmm-2.4-1v5        install

libglib-perl        install

libgltf-0.0-0v5        install

libglu1-mesa:i386        install

libglu1-mesa        install

libgme0        install

libgmime-2.6-0        install

libgmp10:i386        install

libgmp10        install

libgnome-2-0        install

libgnome2-common        install

libgnomecanvas2-0        install

libgnomecanvas2-common        install

libgnome-desktop-3-12        install

libgnome-keyring0        install

libgnome-keyring-common        install

libgnomeui-0        install

libgnomeui-common        install

libgnomevfs2-0        install

libgnomevfs2-common        install

libgnomevfs2-extra        install

libgnuradio-analog3.7.10        install

libgnuradio-atsc3.7.10        install

libgnuradio-audio3.7.10        install

libgnuradio-blocks3.7.10        install

libgnuradio-channels3.7.10        install

libgnuradio-comedi3.7.10        install

libgnuradio-digital3.7.10        install

libgnuradio-dtv3.7.10        install

libgnuradio-fcd3.7.10        install

libgnuradio-fcdproplus3.7.10        install

libgnuradio-fec3.7.10        install

libgnuradio-fft3.7.10        install

libgnuradio-filter3.7.10        install

libgnuradio-fosphor3.7.10        install

libgnuradio-iqbalance3.7.10        install

libgnuradio-noaa3.7.10        install

libgnuradio-osmosdr0.1.4        install

libgnuradio-pager3.7.10        install

libgnuradio-pmt3.7.10        install

libgnuradio-qtgui3.7.10        install

libgnuradio-runtime3.7.10        install

libgnuradio-trellis3.7.10        install

libgnuradio-uhd3.7.10        install

libgnuradio-video-sdl3.7.10        install

libgnuradio-vocoder3.7.10        install

libgnuradio-wavelet3.7.10        install

libgnuradio-wxgui3.7.10        install

libgnuradio-zeromq3.7.10        install

libgnustep-base1.24        install

libgnutls30:i386        install

libgnutls30        install

libgoa-1.0-0b        install

libgoa-1.0-common        install

libgomp1:i386        install

libgomp1        install

libgoocanvas3        install

libgoocanvas-common        install

libgooglepinyin0        install

libgpg-error0:i386        install

libgpg-error0        install

libgpgme11        install

libgpgmepp6        install

libgphoto2-6        install

libgphoto2-l10n        install

libgphoto2-port12        install

libgpm2:i386        install

libgpm2        install

libgpod4        install

libgpod-common        install

libgraphite2-3        install

libgrilo-0.3-0        install

libgroupsock8        install

libgs9-common        install

libgs9        install

libgsl2        install

libgsm1:i386        install

libgsm1        install

libgssapi-krb5-2:i386        install

libgssapi-krb5-2        install

libgssdp-1.0-3        install

libgssglue1        install

libgstreamer1.0-0        install

libgstreamer-plugins-bad1.0-0        install

libgstreamer-plugins-base1.0-0        install

libgtk2.0-0        install

libgtk2.0-bin        install

libgtk2.0-cil        install

libgtk2.0-common        install

libgtk2-perl        install

libgtk-3-0        install

libgtk-3-bin        install

libgtk-3-common        install

libgtkmm-2.4-1v5        install

libgtkmm-3.0-1v5        install

libgtk-sharp-beans-cil        install

libgtksourceview2.0-0        install

libgtksourceview2.0-common        install

libgtksourceview-3.0-1        install

libgtksourceview-3.0-common        install

libgtkspell0        install

libgtkspell3-3-0        install

libgts-0.7-5        install

libgts-bin        install

libguard-perl        install

libgucharmap-2-90-7        install

libgudev-1.0-0        install

libgudev1.0-cil        install

libgupnp-1.0-4        install

libgupnp-igd-1.0-4        install

libgusb2        install

libgutenprint2        install

libgvc6        install

libgvpr2        install

libgxps2        install

libhackrf0        install

libhamlib2        install

libhangul1        install

libhangul-data        install

libharfbuzz0b        install

libharfbuzz-icu0        install

libhdate1        install

libhfstospell5        install

libhidapi-libusb0        install

libhogweed4:i386        install

libhogweed4        install

libhsqldb1.8.0-java        install

libhtml-format-perl        install

libhtml-form-perl        install

libhtml-parser-perl        install

libhtml-tagset-perl        install

libhtml-tree-perl        install

libhttp-cookies-perl        install

libhttp-daemon-perl        install

libhttp-date-perl        install

libhttp-message-perl        install

libhttp-negotiate-perl        install

libhunspell-1.4-0        install

libhyphen0        install

libibus-1.0-5        install

libical2        install

libice6:i386        install

libice6        install

libicu57:i386        install

libicu57        install

libid3tag0        install

libidn11:i386        install

libidn11        install

libidn2-0        install

libiec61883-0        install

libieee1284-3        install

libijs-0.35        install

libilbc2:i386        install

libilbc2        install

libilmbase12        install

libimage-magick-perl        install

libimage-magick-q16-perl        install

libimobiledevice6        install

libimobiledevice-utils        install

libindicator3-7        install

libindicator7        install

libinput10        install

libinput-bin        install

libintl-perl        install

libintl-xs-perl        install

libio-html-perl        install

libio-socket-ssl-perl        install

libip4tc0        install

libip6tc0        install

libipc-system-simple-perl        install

libiptc0        install

libiptcdata0        install

libisc160        install

libisccc140        install

libisccfg140        install

libisc-export160        install

libisl15        install

libiso9660-8        install

libisofs6        install

libisorelax-java        install

libitext-java        install

libitl0        install

libitm1        install

libiw30        install

libjack-jackd2-0:i386        install

libjack-jackd2-0        install

libjansson4        install

libjavascriptcoregtk-1.0-0        install

libjavascriptcoregtk-3.0-0        install

libjavascriptcoregtk-4.0-18        install

libjaxen-java        install

libjbig0:i386        install

libjbig0        install

libjbig2dec0        install

libjcommon-java        install

libjdom1-java        install

libjemalloc1        install

libjim0.76        install

libjpeg62-turbo:i386        install

libjpeg62-turbo        install

libjpeg-turbo-progs        install

libjs-jquery        install

libjs-jquery-ui        install

libjs-mathjax        install

libjs-modernizr        install

libjson-c3        install

libjsoncpp1        install

libjson-glib-1.0-0        install

libjson-glib-1.0-common        install

libjson-perl        install

libjson-xs-perl        install

libjs-sphinxdoc        install

libjs-underscore        install

libjte1        install

libjxr0        install

libjxr-tools        install

libk5crypto3:i386        install

libk5crypto3        install

libkarma0        install

libkate1        install

libkeybinder-3.0-0        install

libkeyutils1:i386        install

libkeyutils1        install

libkf5activities5        install

libkf5archive5        install

libkf5attica5        install

libkf5auth5        install

libkf5auth-data        install

libkf5bluezqt6        install

libkf5bluezqt-data        install

libkf5bookmarks5        install

libkf5bookmarks-data        install

libkf5calendarevents5        install

libkf5codecs5        install

libkf5codecs-data        install

libkf5completion5        install

libkf5completion-data        install

libkf5config-bin        install

libkf5configcore5        install

libkf5config-data        install

libkf5configgui5        install

libkf5configwidgets5        install

libkf5configwidgets-data        install

libkf5coreaddons5        install

libkf5coreaddons-data        install

libkf5crash5        install

libkf5dbusaddons5        install

libkf5dbusaddons-bin        install

libkf5dbusaddons-data        install

libkf5declarative5        install

libkf5declarative-data        install

libkf5globalaccel5        install

libkf5globalaccel-bin        install

libkf5globalaccel-data        install

libkf5globalaccelprivate5        install

libkf5guiaddons5        install

libkf5i18n5        install

libkf5i18n-data        install

libkf5iconthemes5        install

libkf5iconthemes-bin        install

libkf5iconthemes-data        install

libkf5itemviews5        install

libkf5itemviews-data        install

libkf5jobwidgets5        install

libkf5jobwidgets-data        install

libkf5kiocore5        install

libkf5kiofilewidgets5        install

libkf5kiontlm5        install

libkf5kiowidgets5        install

libkf5notifications5        install

libkf5notifications-data        install

libkf5package5        install

libkf5package-data        install

libkf5parts5        install

libkf5parts-data        install

libkf5parts-plugins        install

libkf5plasma5        install

libkf5plasmaquick5        install

libkf5pty5        install

libkf5pty-data        install

libkf5quickaddons5        install

libkf5service5        install

libkf5service-bin        install

libkf5service-data        install

libkf5solid5-data        install

libkf5solid5        install

libkf5sonnet5-data        install

libkf5sonnetcore5        install

libkf5sonnetui5        install

libkf5textwidgets5        install

libkf5textwidgets-data        install

libkf5wallet5        install

libkf5wallet-bin        install

libkf5wallet-data        install

libkf5widgetsaddons5        install

libkf5widgetsaddons-data        install

libkf5windowsystem5        install

libkf5windowsystem-data        install

libkf5xmlgui5        install

libkf5xmlgui-bin        install

libkf5xmlgui-data        install

libklibc        install

libkmod2        install

libkpathsea6        install

libkrb5-3:i386        install

libkrb5-3        install

libkrb5support0:i386        install

libkrb5support0        install

libksba8        install

libkvazaar3:i386        install

libkvazaar3        install

libkwalletbackend5-5        install

liblangtag1        install

liblangtag-common        install

liblapack3        install

liblavfile-2.1-0        install

liblavjpeg-2.1-0        install

liblavplay-2.1-0        install

liblayout-java        install

liblcms2-2:i386        install

liblcms2-2        install

libldap-2.4-2:i386        install

libldap-2.4-2        install

libldap-common        install

libldb1        install

liblept5        install

liblightdm-gobject-1-0        install

liblilv-0-0        install

liblimesuite16.12-1        install

liblirc-client0        install

liblivemedia58        install

libllvm3.8        install

libllvm3.9:i386        install

libllvm3.9        install

libloader-java        install

liblocale-gettext-perl        install

liblog4cplus-1.1-9        install

liblog4cpp5-dev        install

liblog4cpp5v5        install

liblog4j1.2-java        install

liblogging-stdlog0        install

liblognorm5        install

liblouis12        install

liblouis-data        install

liblouisutdml7        install

liblouisutdml-bin        install

liblouisutdml-data        install

liblqr-1-0        install

liblsan0        install

libltdl7:i386        install

libltdl7        install

liblua5.1-0        install

liblua5.2-0        install

liblwp-mediatypes-perl        install

liblwp-protocol-https-perl        install

liblwres141        install

liblz4-1:i386        install

liblz4-1        install

liblzma5:i386        install

liblzma5        install

liblzo2-2        install

libm17n-0        install

libmad0        install

libmagic1        install

libmagick++-6.q16-7        install

libmagickcore-6.q16-3-extra        install

libmagickcore-6.q16-3        install

libmagickwand-6.q16-3        install

libmagic-mgc        install

libmail-java        install

libmailtools-perl        install

libmariadbclient18        install

libmatroska6v5        install

libmbim-glib4        install

libmbim-proxy        install

libmeanwhile1        install

libmetis5        install

libmfx0:i386        install

libmfx0        install

libmhash2        install

libmicrodns0        install

libmikmod3        install

libmirisdr0        install

libmission-control-plugins0        install

libmjpegutils-2.1-0        install

libmlt++3        install

libmlt6        install

libmlt-data        install

libmm-glib0        install

libmms0        install

libmng1        install

libmnl0        install

libmodplug1        install

libmono-addins0.2-cil        install

libmono-cairo4.0-cil        install

libmono-corlib4.5-cil        install

libmono-data-tds4.0-cil        install

libmono-i18n4.0-cil        install

libmono-i18n-west4.0-cil        install

libmono-posix4.0-cil        install

libmono-security4.0-cil        install

libmono-sharpzip4.84-cil        install

libmono-system4.0-cil        install

libmono-system-configuration4.0-cil        install

libmono-system-core4.0-cil        install

libmono-system-data4.0-cil        install

libmono-system-drawing4.0-cil        install

libmono-system-enterpriseservices4.0-cil        install

libmono-system-numerics4.0-cil        install

libmono-system-runtime-serialization4.0-cil        install

libmono-system-security4.0-cil        install

libmono-system-servicemodel-internals0.0-cil        install

libmono-system-transactions4.0-cil        install

libmono-system-xml4.0-cil        install

libmono-system-xml-linq4.0-cil        install

libmono-zeroconf1.0-cil        install

libmount1        install

libmovit6        install

libmp3lame0:i386        install

libmp3lame0        install

libmpc3        install

libmpcdec6        install

libmpdec2        install

libmpeg2-4        install

libmpeg2encpp-2.1-0        install

libmpfr4        install

libmpg123-0:i386        install

libmpg123-0        install

libmplex2-2.1-0        install

libmpx2        install

libmspack0        install

libmspub-0.1-1        install

libmsv-java        install

libmtdev1        install

libmtp9        install

libmtp-common        install

libmtp-runtime        install

libmwaw-0.3-3        install

libmythes-1.2-0        install

libnautilus-extension1a        install

libncurses5:i386        install

libncurses5        install

libncursesw5        install

libndp0        install

libneon27-gnutls        install

libnet-dbus-perl        install

libnetfilter-conntrack3        install

libnet-http-perl        install

libnetpbm10        install

libnet-smtp-ssl-perl        install

libnet-ssleay-perl        install

libnettle6:i386        install

libnettle6        install

libnewt0.52        install

libnewtonsoft-json5.0-cil        install

libnfnetlink0        install

libnfs8        install

libnghttp2-14        install

libnice10        install

libnl-3-200        install

libnl-genl-3-200        install

libnm0        install

libnma0        install

libnm-glib4        install

libnm-util2        install

libnotify0.4-cil        install

libnotify4        install

libnotify-bin        install

libnpth0        install

libnspr4        install

libnss3        install

libnss-mdns        install

libnss-myhostname        install

libntfs-3g871        install

libnuma1:i386        install

libnuma1        install

liboauth0        install

libobjc4        install

libodbc1:i386        install

libodbc1        install

libodfgen-0.1-1        install

libofa0        install

libogg0:i386        install

libogg0        install

libopenal1:i386        install

libopenal1        install

libopenal-data        install

libopencc2-data        install

libopencc2        install

libopencolorio1v5        install

libopencore-amrnb0:i386        install

libopencore-amrnb0        install

libopencore-amrwb0:i386        install

libopencore-amrwb0        install

libopencv-calib3d2.4v5        install

libopencv-contrib2.4v5        install

libopencv-core2.4v5        install

libopencv-features2d2.4v5        install

libopencv-flann2.4v5        install

libopencv-gpu2.4v5        install

libopencv-highgui2.4-deb0        install

libopencv-imgproc2.4v5        install

libopencv-legacy2.4v5        install

libopencv-ml2.4v5        install

libopencv-objdetect2.4v5        install

libopencv-ocl2.4v5        install

libopencv-photo2.4v5        install

libopencv-stitching2.4v5        install

libopencv-superres2.4v5        install

libopencv-ts2.4v5        install

libopencv-video2.4v5        install

libopencv-videostab2.4v5        install

libopenexr22        install

libopenh264-2:i386        install

libopenh264-2        install

libopenimageio1.6        install

libopenjp2-7:i386        install

libopenjp2-7        install

libopenmpt0        install

libopenvdb3.2        install

libopus0:i386        install

libopus0        install

liborbit-2-0        install

liborc-0.4-0        install

liborcus-0.11-0        install

libosmesa6:i386        install

libosmesa6        install

libosmosdr0        install

libostree-1-1        install

libotf0        install

libp11-kit0:i386        install

libp11-kit0        install

libpackagekit-glib2-18        install

libpagemaker-0.0-0        install

libpam0g        install

libpam-cap        install

libpam-gnome-keyring        install

libpam-modules-bin        install

libpam-modules        install

libpam-runtime        install

libpam-systemd        install

libpango-1.0-0        install

libpango1.0-0        install

libpangocairo-1.0-0        install

libpangoft2-1.0-0        install

libpangomm-1.4-1v5        install

libpango-perl        install

libpangox-1.0-0        install

libpangoxft-1.0-0        install

libpaper1        install

libpaper-utils        install

libparted2        install

libparted-fs-resize0        install

libpathplan4        install

libpcap0.8:i386        install

libpcap0.8        install

libpcaudio0        install

libpci3        install

libpciaccess0:i386        install

libpciaccess0        install

libpcre16-3        install

libpcre2-8-0        install

libpcre3:i386        install

libpcre3        install

libpcsclite1        install

libpeas-1.0-0        install

libpeas-common        install

libpentaho-reporting-flow-engine-java        install

libperl4-corelibs-perl        install

libperl5.24        install

libpgm-5.2-0        install

libphonon4qt5-4        install

libphysfs1        install

libpipeline1        install

libpixie-java        install

libpixman-1-0:i386        install

libpixman-1-0        install

libplist3        install

libpng16-16:i386        install

libpng16-16        install

libpodofo0.9.4        install

libpolkit-agent-1-0        install

libpolkit-backend-1-0        install

libpolkit-gobject-1-0        install

libpolkit-qt5-1-1        install

libpoppler64        install

libpoppler-glib8        install

libpopt0        install

libportaudio2        install

libportsmf0        install

libpostproc54        install

libpotrace0        install

libpq5        install

libpresage1v5        install

libpresage-data        install

libprocps6        install

libprotobuf10        install

libprotobuf-c1        install

libprotobuf-lite10        install

libproxy1v5        install

libproxy-tools        install

libpsl5        install

libpth20        install

libpulse0:i386        install

libpulse0        install

libpulsedsp        install

libpulse-mainloop-glib0        install

libpurple0        install

libpurple-bin        install

libpython2.7-dev        install

libpython2.7        install

libpython2.7-minimal        install

libpython2.7-stdlib        install

libpython3.5        install

libpython3.5-minimal        install

libpython3.5-stdlib        install

libpython3-stdlib        install

libpython-dev        install

libpython-stdlib        install

libqalculate5-data        install

libqalculate5v5        install

libqmi-glib5        install

libqmi-proxy        install

libqpdf17        install

libqt4-dbus        install

libqt4-declarative        install

libqt4-designer        install

libqt4-help        install

libqt4-network        install

libqt4-opengl        install

libqt4-qt3support        install

libqt4-script        install

libqt4-scripttools        install

libqt4-sql        install

libqt4-sql-mysql        install

libqt4-svg        install

libqt4-test        install

libqt4-xml        install

libqt4-xmlpatterns        install

libqt5clucene5        install

libqt5core5a        install

libqt5dbus5        install

libqt5designer5        install

libqt5gui5        install

libqt5help5        install

libqt5network5        install

libqt5opengl5        install

libqt5printsupport5        install

libqt5qml5        install

libqt5quick5        install

libqt5script5        install

libqt5sql5        install

libqt5sql5-sqlite        install

libqt5svg5        install

libqt5test5        install

libqt5webkit5        install

libqt5widgets5        install

libqt5x11extras5        install

libqt5xml5        install

libqtassistantclient4        install

libqtcore4        install

libqtdbus4        install

libqtgui4        install

libqtwebkit4        install

libquadmath0        install

libquicktime2        install

libquvi-0.9-0.9.3        install

libquvi-scripts-0.9        install

libqwt5-qt4        install

libraptor2-0        install

librarian0        install

librasqal3        install

libraw1394-11        install

libraw15        install

librdf0        install

libreadline7        install

librecode0        install

librelaxng-datatype-java        install

libreoffice-avmedia-backend-gstreamer        install

libreoffice-base-core        install

libreoffice-base-drivers        install

libreoffice-base        install

libreoffice-calc        install

libreoffice-common        install

libreoffice-core        install

libreoffice-draw        install

libreoffice-gtk2        install

libreoffice-help-ca        install

libreoffice-help-cs        install

libreoffice-help-da        install

libreoffice-help-de        install

libreoffice-help-dz        install

libreoffice-help-el        install

libreoffice-help-en-gb        install

libreoffice-help-en-us        install

libreoffice-help-es        install

libreoffice-help-et        install

libreoffice-help-eu        install

libreoffice-help-fi        install

libreoffice-help-fr        install

libreoffice-help-gl        install

libreoffice-help-hi        install

libreoffice-help-hu        install

libreoffice-help-it        install

libreoffice-help-ja        install

libreoffice-help-km        install

libreoffice-help-ko        install

libreoffice-help-nl        install

libreoffice-help-pl        install

libreoffice-help-pt        install

libreoffice-help-ru        install

libreoffice-help-sk        install

libreoffice-help-sl        install

libreoffice-help-sv        install

libreoffice-help-zh-cn        install

libreoffice-help-zh-tw        install

libreoffice-impress        install

libreoffice        install

libreoffice-java-common        install

libreoffice-l10n-ar        install

libreoffice-l10n-ast        install

libreoffice-l10n-be        install

libreoffice-l10n-bg        install

libreoffice-l10n-bn        install

libreoffice-l10n-bs        install

libreoffice-l10n-ca        install

libreoffice-l10n-cs        install

libreoffice-l10n-cy        install

libreoffice-l10n-da        install

libreoffice-l10n-de        install

libreoffice-l10n-dz        install

libreoffice-l10n-el        install

libreoffice-l10n-en-gb        install

libreoffice-l10n-en-za        install

libreoffice-l10n-eo        install

libreoffice-l10n-es        install

libreoffice-l10n-et        install

libreoffice-l10n-eu        install

libreoffice-l10n-fa        install

libreoffice-l10n-fi        install

libreoffice-l10n-fr        install

libreoffice-l10n-ga        install

libreoffice-l10n-gl        install

libreoffice-l10n-gu        install

libreoffice-l10n-he        install

libreoffice-l10n-hi        install

libreoffice-l10n-hr        install

libreoffice-l10n-hu        install

libreoffice-l10n-id        install

libreoffice-l10n-is        install

libreoffice-l10n-it        install

libreoffice-l10n-ja        install

libreoffice-l10n-ka        install

libreoffice-l10n-km        install

libreoffice-l10n-ko        install

libreoffice-l10n-lt        install

libreoffice-l10n-lv        install

libreoffice-l10n-mk        install

libreoffice-l10n-ml        install

libreoffice-l10n-mr        install

libreoffice-l10n-nb        install

libreoffice-l10n-ne        install

libreoffice-l10n-nl        install

libreoffice-l10n-nn        install

libreoffice-l10n-pa-in        install

libreoffice-l10n-pl        install

libreoffice-l10n-pt-br        install

libreoffice-l10n-pt        install

libreoffice-l10n-ro        install

libreoffice-l10n-ru        install

libreoffice-l10n-si        install

libreoffice-l10n-sk        install

libreoffice-l10n-sl        install

libreoffice-l10n-sr        install

libreoffice-l10n-sv        install

libreoffice-l10n-ta        install

libreoffice-l10n-te        install

libreoffice-l10n-th        install

libreoffice-l10n-tr        install

libreoffice-l10n-ug        install

libreoffice-l10n-uk        install

libreoffice-l10n-vi        install

libreoffice-l10n-xh        install

libreoffice-l10n-zh-cn        install

libreoffice-l10n-zh-tw        install

libreoffice-librelogo        install

libreoffice-math        install

libreoffice-nlpsolver        install

libreoffice-ogltrans        install

libreoffice-pdfimport        install

libreoffice-report-builder-bin        install

libreoffice-report-builder        install

libreoffice-script-provider-bsh        install

libreoffice-script-provider-js        install

libreoffice-script-provider-python        install

libreoffice-sdbc-hsqldb        install

libreoffice-sdbc-postgresql        install

libreoffice-style-galaxy        install

libreoffice-style-tango        install

libreoffice-voikko        install

libreoffice-wiki-publisher        install

libreoffice-writer        install

librepository-java        install

libresid-builder0c2a        install

librest-0.7-0        install

librevenge-0.0-0        install

librhythmbox-core10        install

librsvg2-2        install

librsvg2-common        install

librtaudio5a        install

librtlsdr0        install

librtlsdr-dev        install

librtmp1        install

librubberband2        install

libsac-java-gcj        install

libsac-java        install

libsamplerate0:i386        install

libsamplerate0        install

libsane-common        install

libsane-extras-common        install

libsane-extras        install

libsane        install

libsasl2-2:i386        install

libsasl2-2        install

libsasl2-modules-db:i386        install

libsasl2-modules-db        install

libsasl2-modules:i386        install

libsasl2-modules        install

libsaxonhe-java        install

libsbc1        install

libscim8v5        install

libsdl1.2debian        install

libsdl2-2.0-0        install

libsdl-gfx1.2-5        install

libsdl-image1.2        install

libsdl-mixer1.2        install

libsdl-net1.2        install

libsdl-sound1.2        install

libsdl-ttf2.0-0        install

libseccomp2        install

libsecret-1-0        install

libsecret-common        install

libselinux1:i386        install

libselinux1        install

libsemanage1        install

libsemanage-common        install

libsensors4:i386        install

libsensors4        install

libsepol1        install

libserd-0-0        install

libsereal-decoder-perl        install

libsereal-encoder-perl        install

libsereal-perl        install

libserializer-java        install

libservlet3.1-java        install

libsgutils2-2        install

libshine3:i386        install

libshine3        install

libshout3        install

libsidplay1v5        install

libsidplay2        install

libsigc++-2.0-0v5        install

libsigsegv2        install

libslang2        install

libsm6:i386        install

libsm6        install

libsmartcols1        install

libsmbclient        install

libsmpeg0        install

libsnappy1v5:i386        install

libsnappy1v5        install

libsndfile1:i386        install

libsndfile1        install

libsndio6.1:i386        install

libsndio6.1        install

libsoapysdr0.5-2        install

libsodium18        install

libsonic0        install

libsord-0-0        install

libsoundtouch1        install

libsoup2.4-1        install

libsoup-gnome2.4-1        install

libsox2        install

libsox-fmt-alsa        install

libsox-fmt-base        install

libsoxr0:i386        install

libsoxr0        install

libspandsp2        install

libspectre1        install

libspeechd2        install

libspeex1:i386        install

libspeex1        install

libspeexdsp1        install

libspnav0        install

libsqlite3-0        install

libsratom-0-0        install

libsrtp0        install

libss2        install

libssh2-1        install

libssh-4        install

libssl1.0.2        install

libssl1.1:i386        install

libssl1.1        install

libssl-dev        install

libssl-doc        install

libstartup-notification0        install

libstdc++-6-dev        install

libstdc++6:i386        install

libstdc++6        install

libstemmer0d        install

libsugarext0        install

libsugarext-data        install

libsuil-0-0        install

libsuitesparseconfig4        install

libsunpinyin3v5        install

libswresample2:i386        install

libswresample2        install

libswscale4        install

libsystemd0:i386        install

libsystemd0        install

libtag1v5        install

libtag1v5-vanilla        install

libtagc0        install

libtaglib2.1-cil        install

libtalloc2        install

libtasn1-6:i386        install

libtasn1-6        install

libtbb2        install

libtcl8.6        install

libtdb1        install

libteamdctl0        install

libtelepathy-glib0        install

libtesseract3        install

libtesseract-data        install

libtevent0        install

libtext-charwidth-perl        install

libtext-csv-perl        install

libtext-csv-xs-perl        install

libtext-iconv-perl        install

libtext-wrapi18n-perl        install

libtfm1        install

libthai0        install

libthai-data        install

libtheora0:i386        install

libtheora0        install

libthunarx-2-0        install

libtidy5        install

libtie-ixhash-perl        install

libtiff5:i386        install

libtiff5        install

libtimedate-perl        install

libtinfo5:i386        install

libtinfo5        install

libtinyxml2.6.2v5        install

libtk8.6        install

libtotem-plparser18        install

libtotem-plparser-common        install

libtracker-sparql-1.0-0        install

libtsan0        install

libtumbler-1-0        install

libturbojpeg0        install

libtwolame0        install

libtxc-dxtn-s2tc:i386        install

libtxc-dxtn-s2tc        install

libtypes-serialiser-perl        install

libubsan0        install

libudev1        install

libudisks2-0        install

libuhd003        install

libuim8        install

libuim-custom2        install

libuim-data        install

libuim-plugins        install

libuim-scm0        install

libumfpack5        install

libunique-1.0-0        install

libunistring0        install

libupnp6        install

libupower-glib3        install

liburi-perl        install

libusageenvironment3        install

libusb-0.1-4        install

libusb-1.0-0-dev        install

libusb-1.0-0        install

libusb-1.0-doc        install

libusbmuxd4        install

libustr-1.0-1        install

libutempter0        install

libuuid1:i386        install

libuuid1        install

libuv1        install

libv4l-0        install

libv4lconvert0        install

libva1:i386        install

libva1        install

libva-drm1:i386        install

libva-drm1        install

libva-glx1        install

libvamp-hostsdk3v5        install

libva-wayland1        install

libva-x11-1:i386        install

libva-x11-1        install

libvcdinfo0        install

libvdpau1:i386        install

libvdpau1        install

libvdpau-va-gl1:i386        install

libvdpau-va-gl1        install

libvidstab1.0        install

libvisio-0.1-1        install

libvisual-0.4-0        install

libvlc5        install

libvlc-bin        install

libvlccore9        install

libvncclient1        install

libvo-aacenc0        install

libvo-amrwbenc0:i386        install

libvo-amrwbenc0        install

libvoikko1        install

libvolk1.3        install

libvolk1-bin        install

libvolk1-dev        install

libvorbis0a:i386        install

libvorbis0a        install

libvorbisenc2:i386        install

libvorbisenc2        install

libvorbisfile3        install

libvorbisidec1        install

libvpx4:i386        install

libvpx4        install

libvte-2.91-0        install

libvte-2.91-common        install

libvte9        install

libvte-common        install

libwacom2        install

libwacom-bin        install

libwacom-common        install

libwavpack1        install

libwayland-client0        install

libwayland-cursor0        install

libwayland-egl1-mesa        install

libwayland-server0        install

libwbclient0        install

libwebkit2gtk-4.0-37        install

libwebkitgtk-1.0-0        install

libwebkitgtk-3.0-0        install

libwebp6        install

libwebpdemux2        install

libwebpmux2        install

libwebrtc-audio-processing1        install

libwildmidi2        install

libwildmidi-config        install

libwine-development        install

libwine:i386        install

libwine        install

libwinpr2-2        install

libwinpr-crt0.1        install

libwinpr-crypto0.1        install

libwinpr-dsparse0.1        install

libwinpr-environment0.1        install

libwinpr-file0.1        install

libwinpr-handle0.1        install

libwinpr-heap0.1        install

libwinpr-input0.1        install

libwinpr-interlocked0.1        install

libwinpr-library0.1        install

libwinpr-path0.1        install

libwinpr-pool0.1        install

libwinpr-registry0.1        install

libwinpr-rpc0.1        install

libwinpr-sspi0.1        install

libwinpr-synch0.1        install

libwinpr-sysinfo0.1        install

libwinpr-thread0.1        install

libwinpr-utils0.1        install

libwmf0.2-7        install

libwmf-bin        install

libwnck22        install

libwnck-3-0        install

libwnck-3-common        install

libwnck-common        install

libwpd-0.10-10        install

libwpg-0.3-3        install

libwps-0.4-4        install

libwrap0:i386        install

libwrap0        install

libwww-perl        install

libwww-robotrules-perl        install

libwxbase3.0-0v5        install

libwxgtk3.0-0v5        install

libx11-6:i386        install

libx11-6        install

libx11-data        install

libx11-protocol-perl        install

libx11-xcb1:i386        install

libx11-xcb1        install

libx264-150:i386        install

libx264-150        install

libx265-116:i386        install

libx265-116        install

libx86-1        install

libxapian30        install

libxatracker2        install

libxau6:i386        install

libxau6        install

libxaw7        install

libxcb1:i386        install

libxcb1        install

libxcb-composite0        install

libxcb-damage0        install

libxcb-dri2-0:i386        install

libxcb-dri2-0        install

libxcb-dri3-0:i386        install

libxcb-dri3-0        install

libxcb-glx0:i386        install

libxcb-glx0        install

libxcb-icccm4        install

libxcb-image0        install

libxcb-keysyms1        install

libxcb-present0:i386        install

libxcb-present0        install

libxcb-randr0        install

libxcb-render0:i386        install

libxcb-render0        install

libxcb-render-util0        install

libxcb-shape0        install

libxcb-shm0:i386        install

libxcb-shm0        install

libxcb-sync1:i386        install

libxcb-sync1        install

libxcb-util0        install

libxcb-xfixes0        install

libxcb-xinerama0        install

libxcb-xkb1        install

libxcb-xv0        install

libxcomposite1:i386        install

libxcomposite1        install

libxcursor1:i386        install

libxcursor1        install

libxdamage1:i386        install

libxdamage1        install

libxdmcp6:i386        install

libxdmcp6        install

libxdot4        install

libxerces2-java        install

libxext6:i386        install

libxext6        install

libxfce4panel-2.0-4        install

libxfce4ui-1-0        install

libxfce4ui-2-0        install

libxfce4ui-common        install

libxfce4ui-utils        install

libxfce4util7        install

libxfce4util-bin        install

libxfce4util-common        install

libxfconf-0-2        install

libxfixes3:i386        install

libxfixes3        install

libxfont1        install

libxfont2        install

libxfreerdp-client1.1        install

libxft2        install

libxi6:i386        install

libxi6        install

libxine2-bin        install

libxine2-ffmpeg        install

libxine2        install

libxine2-misc-plugins        install

libxine2-plugins        install

libxine2-x        install

libxinerama1:i386        install

libxinerama1        install

libxkbcommon0        install

libxkbcommon-x11-0        install

libxkbfile1        install

libxklavier16        install

libxml++2.6-2v5        install

libxml2:i386        install

libxml2        install

libxmlbeans-java        install

libxml-commons-external-java        install

libxml-commons-resolver1.1-java        install

libxml-java        install

libxml-parser-perl        install

libxml-twig-perl        install

libxml-xpathengine-perl        install

libxmu6        install

libxmuu1        install

libxom-java        install

libxpm4        install

libxpp2-java        install

libxpp3-java        install

libxrandr2:i386        install

libxrandr2        install

libxrender1:i386        install

libxrender1        install

libxres1        install

libxshmfence1:i386        install

libxshmfence1        install

libxslt1.1:i386        install

libxslt1.1        install

libxss1        install

libxt6        install

libxtables12        install

libxtst6:i386        install

libxtst6        install

libxv1        install

libxvidcore4:i386        install

libxvidcore4        install

libxvmc1        install

libxxf86dga1        install

libxxf86vm1:i386        install

libxxf86vm1        install

libyajl2        install

libyaml-0-2        install

libyaml-cpp0.3v5        install

libyelp0        install

libzbar0        install

libzeitgeist-2.0-0        install

libzephyr4        install

libzinnia0        install

libzmq5        install

libzstd1        install

libzvbi0:i386        install

libzvbi0        install

libzvbi-common        install

lightdm-gtk-greeter        install

lightdm        install

light-locker        install

limesuite-udev        install

lincity-ng-data        install

lincity-ng        install

linux-base        install

linux-compiler-gcc-6-x86        install

linux-headers-4.9.0-4-amd64        install

linux-headers-4.9.0-4-common        install

linux-headers-4.9.0-7-amd64        install

linux-headers-4.9.0-7-common        install

linux-headers-4.9.0-8-amd64        install

linux-headers-4.9.0-8-common        install

linux-headers-amd64        install

linux-image-4.9.0-3-amd64        install

linux-image-4.9.0-4-amd64        install

linux-image-4.9.0-7-amd64        install

linux-image-4.9.0-8-amd64        install

linux-image-amd64        install

linux-kbuild-4.9        install

linux-libc-dev        install

live-task-localisation-desktop        install

live-task-localisation        install

live-task-recommended        install

lm-sensors        install

locales        install

login        install

logrotate        install

lp-solve        install

lsb-base        install

lsb-release        install

lsdvd        install

lsof        install

lua-bitop        install

lua-expat        install

lua-json        install

lua-lpeg        install

lua-socket        install

lv        install

lynis        install

m17n-db        install

maint-guide-it        install

make        install

man-db        install

manpages-de        install

manpages-dev        install

manpages-es        install

manpages-fr-extra        install

manpages-fr        install

manpages-hu        install

manpages        install

manpages-it        install

manpages-ja-dev        install

manpages-ja        install

manpages-pl-dev        install

manpages-pl        install

manpages-pt        install

manpages-tr        install

manpages-zh        install

mawk        install

media-player-info        install

melt        install

menu        install

mesa-utils        install

mesa-va-drivers:i386        install

mesa-va-drivers        install

mesa-vdpau-drivers:i386        install

mesa-vdpau-drivers        install

mime-support        install

mjpegtools        install

mlterm-common        install

mlterm        install

mlterm-tools        install

mobile-broadband-provider-info        install

modemmanager        install

mono-4.0-gac        install

mono-gac        install

mono-runtime-common        install

mono-runtime        install

mono-runtime-sgen        install

mount        install

mousepad        install

mozc-data        install

mozc-server        install

mozc-utils-gui        install

mplayer        install

mueller7-dict        install

multiarch-support        install

murrine-themes        install

musescore-soundfont-gm        install

myspell-bg        install

myspell-ca        install

myspell-da        install

myspell-el-gr        install

myspell-en-gb        install

myspell-eo        install

myspell-es        install

myspell-et        install

myspell-fa        install

myspell-ga        install

myspell-he        install

myspell-hr        install

myspell-it        install

myspell-ku        install

myspell-lt        install

myspell-lv        install

myspell-nb        install

myspell-nl        install

myspell-nn        install

myspell-pl        install

myspell-pt-br        install

myspell-pt-pt        install

myspell-ru        install

myspell-sk        install

myspell-sl        install

myspell-th        install

myspell-uk        install

mysql-common        install

mythes-cs        install

mythes-de-ch        install

mythes-de        install

mythes-en-us        install

mythes-fr        install

mythes-it        install

mythes-ne        install

mythes-pl        install

mythes-ru        install

mythes-sk        install

nano        install

ncurses-base        install

ncurses-bin        install

ncurses-term        install

netbase        install

netpbm        install

net-tools        install

network-manager-gnome        install

network-manager        install

nkf        install

node-argparse        install

node-esprima        install

node-graceful-fs        install

node-jju        install

node-jsesc        install

nodejs        install

node-json5        install

node-jsonfile        install

node-jsonify        install

node-json-localizer        install

node-jsonminify        install

node-json-parse-helpfulerror        install

node-jsonparse        install

node-jsonselect        install

node-json-stable-stringify        install

node-jsonstream        install

node-json-stringify-safe        install

node-js-tokens        install

node-jsv        install

node-js-yaml        install

node-sprintf-js        install

node-through        install

notification-daemon        install

ntfs-3g        install

ocl-icd-libopencl1:i386        install

ocl-icd-libopencl1        install

opencc        install

opencity-data        install

opencity        install

openjdk-8-jre-headless        install

openjdk-8-jre        install

openshot-doc        install

openshot        install

openssh-client        install

openssl        install

openyahtzee        install

orage        install

os-prober        install

p11-kit        install

p11-kit-modules        install

p7zip-full        install

p7zip        install

packagekit        install

packagekit-tools        install

pan        install

par2        install

parted        install

passwd        install

patch        install

pavucontrol        install

pciutils        install

perl-base        install

perl        install

perl-modules-5.24        install

perl-openssl-defaults        install

phonon4qt5-backend-vlc        install

phonon4qt5        install

pidgin-data        install

pidgin        install

pinentry-curses        install

pinentry-gnome3        install

pk-update-icon        install

plasma-framework        install

policykit-1-gnome        install

policykit-1        install

poppler-data        install

poppler-utils        install

powertop        install

ppp        install

presage        install

printer-driver-gutenprint        install

procps        install

psf-unifont        install

psmisc        install

pulseaudio-esound-compat        install

pulseaudio        install

pulseaudio-utils        install

pv        install

pypar2        install

python2.7-dev        install

python2.7        install

python2.7-minimal        install

python3.5        install

python3.5-minimal        install

python3-apt        install

python3-brlapi        install

python3-cairo        install

python3-cffi-backend        install

python3-chardet        install

python3-cryptography        install

python3-crypto        install

python3-cupshelpers        install

python3-cups        install

python3-dbus        install

python3-dbus.mainloop.qt        install

python3-gi-cairo        install

python3-gi        install

python3-idna        install

python3        install

python3-keyring        install

python3-keyrings.alt        install

python3-libvoikko        install

python3-louis        install

python3-mako        install

python3-markupsafe        install

python3-minimal        install

python3-pkg-resources        install

python3-pyasn1        install

python3-pyatspi        install

python3-pycurl        install

python3-pyqt4        install

python3-requests        install

python3-secretstorage        install

python3-setuptools        install

python3-sip        install

python3-six        install

python3-smbc        install

python3-software-properties        install

python3-speechd        install

python3-uno        install

python3-urllib3        install

python3-xdg        install

python-apsw        install

python-apt-common        install

python-beautifulsoup        install

python-bittorrent        install

python-bs4        install

python-cairo        install

python-cffi-backend        install

python-chardet        install

python-cheetah        install

python-cherrypy3        install

python-configobj        install

python-cryptography        install

python-crypto        install

python-cssselect        install

python-cssutils        install

python-cycler        install

python-dateutil        install

python-dbus        install

python-decorator        install

python-dev        install

python-dnspython        install

python-enum34        install

python-feedparser        install

python-functools32        install

python-gi-cairo        install

python-gi        install

python-glade2        install

python-gobject-2        install

python-gtk2        install

python-html5lib        install

python-httplib2        install

python-idna        install

python-imaging        install

python        install

python-ipaddress        install

python-ldb        install

python-libxml2        install

python-lxml        install

python-markdown        install

python-matplotlib-data        install

python-matplotlib        install

python-mechanize        install

python-minimal        install

python-mlt        install

python-musicbrainzngs        install

python-mutagen        install

python-netifaces        install

python-networkx        install

python-numpy        install

python-opengl        install

python-openssl        install

python-pil        install

python-pkg-resources        install

python-pyasn1        install

python-pycurl        install

python-pyexiv2-doc        install

python-pyexiv2        install

python-pygments        install

python-pygoocanvas        install

python-pygraphviz        install

python-pyinotify        install

python-pyparsing        install

python-pyqt5        install

python-pyqt5.qtsvg        install

python-pyqt5.qtwebkit        install

python-qt4        install

python-qwt5-qt4        install

python-repoze.lru        install

python-requests        install

python-routes        install

python-samba        install

python-scipy        install

python-scour        install

python-setuptools        install

python-sip        install

python-six        install

python-subprocess32        install

python-sugar3        install

python-talloc        install

python-tdb        install

python-telepathy        install

python-tk        install

python-tz        install

python-urllib3        install

python-utidylib        install

python-vte        install

python-webencodings        install

python-webob        install

python-wxgtk3.0        install

python-wxversion        install

python-xdg        install

python-yaml        install

python-zmq        install

qalc        install

qalculate-gtk        install

qdbus        install

qml-module-org-kde-bluezqt        install

qml-module-org-kde-kio        install

qml-module-org-kde-kquickcontrolsaddons        install

qml-module-org-kde-kquickcontrols        install

qml-module-qtgraphicaleffects        install

qml-module-qtquick2        install

qml-module-qtquick-controls        install

qml-module-qtquick-layouts        install

qml-module-qtquick-window2        install

qpdf        install

qt5-gtk-platformtheme        install

qt-at-spi        install

qtchooser        install

qtcore4-l10n        install

qttranslations5-l10n        install

quodlibet        install

rarian-compat        install

rdesktop        install

readline-common        install

realvnc-vnc-viewer        install

redshift-gtk        install

redshift        install

re        install

remmina-common        install

remmina        install

remmina-plugin-rdp        install

remmina-plugin-secret        install

remmina-plugin-vnc        install

rename        install

rhythmbox-data        install

rhythmbox        install

rhythmbox-plugin-cdrecorder        install

rhythmbox-plugins        install

rsync        install

rsyslog        install

rtkit        install

rtl-sdr        install

rtmpdump        install

safecopy        install

samba-common-bin        install

samba-common        install

samba-dsdb-modules        install

samba        install

samba-libs        install

samba-vfs-modules        install

sane-utils        install

scim-chewing        install

scim-gtk-immodule        install

scim-im-agent        install

scim        install

scim-modules-socket        install

sdlbasic-dbg        install

sdlbasic        install

sdlbrt        install

sed        install

sensible-utils        install

sgml-base        install

sgml-data        install

shared-mime-info        install

shotwell-common        install

shotwell        install

signal-desktop        install

simutrans-data        install

simutrans        install

simutrans-pak64        install

smbclient        install

snap-confine        install

snapd        install

soapysdr0.5-2-module-airspy        install

soapysdr0.5-2-module-all        install

soapysdr0.5-2-module-audio        install

soapysdr0.5-2-module-bladerf        install

soapysdr0.5-2-module-hackrf        install

soapysdr0.5-2-module-lms7        install

soapysdr0.5-2-module-redpitaya        install

soapysdr0.5-2-module-remote        install

soapysdr0.5-2-module-rtlsdr        install

soapysdr0.5-2-module-uhd        install

software-properties-common        install

software-properties-gtk        install

sonnet-plugins        install

sonos-controller-unofficial        install

sox        install

speech-dispatcher-audio-plugins        install

speech-dispatcher-espeak-ng        install

speech-dispatcher        install

sphinx-rtd-theme-common        install

squashfs-tools        install

ssl-cert        install

subtitleripper        install

sudo        install

sugar-browse-activity        install

sunpinyin-data        install

swath        install

swh-plugins        install

synaptic        install

system-config-printer-common        install

system-config-printer        install

system-config-printer-udev        install

systemd        install

systemd-sysv        install

sysvinit-utils        install

t1-cyrillic        install

t1-teams        install

tango-icon-theme        install

tar        install

task-albanian-desktop        install

task-amharic-desktop        install

task-amharic        install

task-arabic-desktop        install

task-arabic        install

task-asturian-desktop        install

task-asturian        install

task-basque-desktop        install

task-basque        install

task-belarusian-desktop        install

task-belarusian        install

task-bengali-desktop        install

task-bengali        install

task-bosnian-desktop        install

task-bosnian        install

task-brazilian-portuguese-desktop        install

task-brazilian-portuguese        install

task-british-desktop        install

task-bulgarian-desktop        install

task-bulgarian        install

task-catalan-desktop        install

task-catalan        install

task-chinese-s-desktop        install

task-chinese-s        install

task-chinese-t-desktop        install

task-chinese-t        install

task-croatian-desktop        install

task-croatian        install

task-cyrillic-desktop        install

task-cyrillic        install

task-czech-desktop        install

task-czech        install

task-danish-desktop        install

task-danish        install

task-desktop        install

task-dutch-desktop        install

task-dutch        install

task-dzongkha-desktop        install

task-english        install

task-esperanto-desktop        install

task-esperanto        install

task-estonian-desktop        install

task-estonian        install

task-finnish-desktop        install

task-finnish        install

task-french-desktop        install

task-french        install

task-galician-desktop        install

task-galician        install

task-georgian-desktop        install

task-german-desktop        install

task-german        install

task-greek-desktop        install

task-greek        install

task-gujarati-desktop        install

task-gujarati        install

task-hebrew-desktop        install

task-hebrew        install

task-hindi-desktop        install

task-hindi        install

task-hungarian-desktop        install

task-hungarian        install

task-icelandic-desktop        install

task-icelandic        install

task-indonesian-desktop        install

task-irish-desktop        install

task-irish        install

task-italian-desktop        install

task-italian        install

task-japanese-desktop        install

task-japanese        install

task-kannada-desktop        install

task-kazakh-desktop        install

task-kazakh        install

task-khmer-desktop        install

task-khmer        install

task-korean-desktop        install

task-korean        install

task-kurdish-desktop        install

task-kurdish        install

task-laptop        install

task-latvian-desktop        install

task-latvian        install

task-lithuanian-desktop        install

task-lithuanian        install

task-macedonian-desktop        install

task-macedonian        install

task-malayalam-desktop        install

task-malayalam        install

task-marathi-desktop        install

task-marathi        install

task-nepali-desktop        install

task-northern-sami-desktop        install

task-northern-sami        install

task-norwegian-desktop        install

task-norwegian        install

task-persian-desktop        install

task-persian        install

task-polish-desktop        install

task-polish        install

task-portuguese-desktop        install

task-portuguese        install

task-punjabi-desktop        install

task-punjabi        install

task-romanian-desktop        install

task-romanian        install

task-russian-desktop        install

task-russian        install

tasksel-data        install

tasksel        install

task-serbian-desktop        install

task-serbian        install

task-sinhala-desktop        install

task-slovak-desktop        install

task-slovak        install

task-slovenian-desktop        install

task-slovenian        install

task-south-african-english-desktop        install

task-spanish-desktop        install

task-spanish        install

task-swedish-desktop        install

task-swedish        install

task-tagalog        install

task-tamil-desktop        install

task-tamil        install

task-telugu-desktop        install

task-telugu        install

task-thai-desktop        install

task-thai        install

task-turkish-desktop        install

task-turkish        install

task-ukrainian-desktop        install

task-ukrainian        install

task-uyghur-desktop        install

task-vietnamese-desktop        install

task-welsh-desktop        install

task-welsh        install

task-xfce-desktop        install

task-xhosa-desktop        install

tcl8.6        install

tcl        install

tcpd        install

tcptrack        install

tdb-tools        install

tegaki-zinnia-japanese        install

telepathy-mission-control-5        install

telepathy-salut        install

thunar-archive-plugin        install

thunar-data        install

thunar        install

thunar-media-tags-plugin        install

thunar-volman        install

tigervnc-viewer        install

time        install

timgm6mb-soundfont        install

tix        install

tk8.6-blt2.5        install

tmispell-voikko        install

tor-geoipdb        install

tor        install

torsocks        install

transcode-doc        install

transcode        install

transcode-utils        install

transfig        install

ttf-bitstream-vera        install

ttf-dejavu-core        install

ttf-unifont        install

tumbler-common        install

tumbler        install

twolame        install

tzdata        install

ubuntu-core-launcher        install

ucf        install

udev        install

udisks2        install

ufw        install

uhd-host        install

uim-anthy        install

uim-common        install

uim-fep        install

uim-gtk2.0        install

uim-gtk3        install

uim        install

uim-mozc        install

uim-qt5        install

uim-qt        install

uim-utils        install

uim-xim        install

unar        install

unattended-upgrades        install

unicon-imc2        install

unifont        install

uno-libs3        install

unrar        install

unzip        install

update-inetd        install

upower        install

ure        install

usb-modeswitch-data        install

usb-modeswitch        install

usbmuxd        install

usbutils        install

util-linux        install

util-linux-locales        install

uuid-runtime        install

va-driver-all:i386        install

va-driver-all        install

variety        install

vdpau-driver-all:i386        install

vdpau-driver-all        install

vim-common        install

vim-tiny        install

vlc-bin        install

vlc-data        install

vlc        install

vlc-l10n        install

vlc-plugin-base        install

vlc-plugin-notify        install

vlc-plugin-qt        install

vlc-plugin-samba        install

vlc-plugin-skins2        install

vlc-plugin-video-output        install

vlc-plugin-video-splitter        install

vlc-plugin-visualization        install

voikko-fi        install

wakeonlan        install

wamerican        install

wbrazilian        install

wbulgarian        install

wcatalan        install

wdanish        install

wdutch        install

wfrench        install

wget        install

whiptail        install

wine32:i386        install

wine64-development        install

wine64        install

wine-development        install

wine        install

winetricks        install

wireless-regdb        install

wireless-tools        install

witalian        install

wngerman        install

wnorwegian        install

wodim        install

wpasupplicant        install

wpolish        install

wportuguese        install

wspanish        install

wswedish        install

x11-apps        install

x11-common        install

x11-session-utils        install

x11-utils        install

x11-xkb-utils        install

x11-xserver-utils        install

xarchiver        install

xauth        install

xbitmaps        install

xbrlapi        install

xbubble-data        install

xbubble        install

xdaliclock        install

xdg-desktop-portal-gtk        install

xdg-desktop-portal        install

xdg-user-dirs        install

xdg-utils        install

xfburn        install

xfce4-appfinder        install

xfce4-dict        install

xfce4        install

xfce4-notifyd        install

xfce4-panel        install

xfce4-power-manager-data        install

xfce4-power-manager        install

xfce4-power-manager-plugins        install

xfce4-pulseaudio-plugin        install

xfce4-session        install

xfce4-settings        install

xfce4-terminal        install

xfconf        install

xfdesktop4-data        install

xfdesktop4        install

xfonts-100dpi        install

xfonts-75dpi        install

xfonts-base        install

xfonts-encodings        install

xfonts-scalable        install

xfonts-thai-etl        install

xfonts-thai        install

xfonts-thai-manop        install

xfonts-thai-nectec        install

xfonts-thai-poonlap        install

xfonts-thai-vor        install

xfonts-unifont        install

xfonts-utils        install

xfwm4        install

xgammon        install

xine-ui        install

xinit        install

xinput        install

xiterm+thai        install

xkb-data        install

xmahjongg        install

xml-core        install

xorg-docs-core        install

xorg        install

xorgxrdp        install

xpenguins        install

xrdp        install

xsane-common        install

xsane        install

xscreensaver-data-extra        install

xscreensaver-data        install

xscreensaver        install

xserver-common        install

xserver-xorg-core        install

xserver-xorg-input-all        install

xserver-xorg-input-libinput        install

xserver-xorg-input-synaptics        install

xserver-xorg-input-wacom        install

xserver-xorg        install

xserver-xorg-legacy        install

xserver-xorg-video-all        install

xserver-xorg-video-amdgpu        install

xserver-xorg-video-ati        install

xserver-xorg-video-fbdev        install

xserver-xorg-video-intel        install

xserver-xorg-video-nouveau        install

xserver-xorg-video-qxl        install

xserver-xorg-video-radeon        install

xserver-xorg-video-vesa        install

xserver-xorg-video-vmware        install

xterm        install

xul-ext-mozvoikko        install

xxd        install

xxkb        install

xz-utils        install

yelp        install

yelp-xsl        install

zeitgeist-core        install

zenity-common        install

zenity        install

zhcon        install

zip        install

zlib1g:i386        install

zlib1g        install

…—… …—… …—… …—… …—… …—… …—… …—…

What you have to do to mail a letter these days.

Funny what passes through what I call my mind when I am reading a joke. I started to free-associate with changes and modern life and technology and I’m laughing at myself because while technology is easy for me, Printing is not.

I’ll be making up a nice new sign for the Jeep to tell people that there is nothing of value in the car and it’s not for sale, and to beg them to leave it alone.

In two languages! With Pictures! In glorious Grey Scale and Black And White!

But yes, I did end up with a Robin Williams Style Rant here. Hang on for a ride. There’s a Bounce-Bar by your knees if you need to hold on.

Anyway, I suspect that this joke way below is one of those “older” offices. Having a lot of paper around the place seems to be a bit anachronistic. While I personally “need” to be “able” to print, I think I am on the same ream of paper that we got for the house back in 2010 and I still have “Special Resume Grade Paper” from the 90s. You know, the good heavy weight stuff that isn’t pure white so it sticks out in a crowd.

Remember having to mail a resume?

Remember actually writing a Pen Pal?

I write maybe four actual letters per year. They get dropped into a box to go along with some “goodies” that I send off in a care package explaining what crap I have loaded into the thing.

In order to get ink to physical piece of paper, I had to have a printer.

Since “technology” happens, I had to have a server for that printer so I could print from any computer on my network.

Install an operating system, a version of Debian Linux, Of course.

Get it working to print something out. Share that printer across the network. Start up Libre Office because I refuse to run anything Microsoft if I can avoid both it and the spyware that they insist in putting in their software. Write the letter and save it.


All that? Took about a week of thrashing because there was some weird inconsistency between Raspbian on ARM and a pure Debian on X86 that I am used to…

So now to print, turn on the RaspberryPi, wait for it to boot in about 2 minutes, then turn on the printer. Rush back to the laptop and tell it to print to the printer “Tucked in a corner of Bill’s Desk Somewhere”.

Yes, I called it that.

I had to get a physical piece of paper to my financial advisor a while back and I ended up having them send me the form to sign so that I could physically carry the thing to the Post Office that is two miles away.

Get into the Jeep, hope it starts because I simply don’t drive that often.

Look around as I drive the car like a puppy out the window. Oooh! look! Moving Things! Shiny Objects! Other People!


Drive out into traffic and get confused by which lane to choose when at that bizarre five way intersection that everyone knows here as Five Points.


I truly hate driving through Five Points. It’s generally done with a horn or an extended gesture that is caused by some damn tourist using the wrong lanes or forgetting to get the hell off the phone because the light changed.


Then I am invisible because nobody actually follows the Uniform Vehicle Code any more and am trying to jockey for the Curb Lane because I am only going a mile which involves two stop lights on Dixie Highway, crossing a major rail corridor, and who knows what other shiny objects might be hanging out at the next intersection.

I prefer to walk.

Stand in line and hand it to the people at the Oakland Park, FL Post Office. Truly nice people there. Sure, it looks like a throwback to the early 1970s and probably has not been painted since then, but I end up with a smile on my face, even if I do have to stand in line.


After it gets there, lather, rinse, repeat and go home. I’ll take the back roads, I’ll need a sedative if I have to go through Five Points twice in one day!

Beep Beep! I’m a Jeep!

Careful, Nervous Driver On Board!


As Carl Sagan said “To make a cake, you first have to invent the universe”.


Anyway, all of this rant was triggered by this joke I promised you below.


A young manager was finishing up late at work

When he was leaving there was only one other person in the office.

He noticed it was the owner of the company standing by a Shredder with a sheet of paper looking confused.
He approached him and asked if he was alright.

The owner said “my secretary has gone home and she always does these things for me”, and asked “do you know how to work this machine”.
The manager said “yes”, turned on the Shredder and stuck the sheet in and said “all done”.
The owner said “brilliant, now I need three more copies.”



Ok I guess you had to be there!

wakeonlan – remotely starting another computer

This is something I have been using for literally decades.  Since I have been setting this up in my home office, I am reminded that some people just may not have an idea this exists, and that they almost certainly have it on their computers.  Just a matter of turning it on.

I would have my “big” machine in a room away from where I was seated, then I’d wander off and sit on the couch with the little machine. Then I would need something on the big machine across the network. Since it was typically on my third floor it was impractical to take the laptop upstairs when the TV was on in the downstairs living room. To make it handy I wanted to turn that beast on so I could play music in the kitchen or read a document I have on it on my little machine. This little trick would let me do it.

Wake On Lan” is simple conceptually. You send a “Magic Packet” to another computer on your network, or across the internet. The packet talks to the ethernet card, some wifi cards reportedly work but I have never figured that bit out. When the packet gets there, the computer turns itself on.

Think “Magic Bullet” to wake the computer sleeping at home while you are at work.

Mind you, there are steps to get this to work.:

You have to turn it on in your BIOS.
Ok, better said, you have to find out where it is in the pages of your BIOS, then turn it on.
If you have ever seen your BIOS, and know what’s up in there, you probably are in a small minority of people, but trust me there are good things there.

You look for a prompt that says “Enable Wake On Lan” and make sure it says yes or is turned on or “selected”, then save and reboot the computer.

That computer must be using a wired connection to the internet – an ethernet connection must be used and not Wifi, although I have seen that some people have managed to get this to work on Wifi.

Technically that’s all you need on the “distant” computer you want to wake up, however you do need a few bits of information.

Every network card has a “MAC Address“. Think of it as a telephone number. That network card, and only that network card has that specific number. I have mine, you have yours. Same thing as the phone number on your phone, or your IMEI number on the phone. You and only you have THAT number. It may also be in your BIOS, but every BIOS may vary.

You feed it into a wee little program and it fires off a magic packet to your network. The packet wanders around your network and the ethernet card is listening. If that packet matches the address on the card, the card will wake up the computer from hibernation or turn it on with a “cold boot”.

Then you can get your “stuff”.

The business of across the internet is a bit more complex. You actually would have to punch a hole in your firewall for the purpose, and this is beyond this posting of “Hey look at this cool stuff”.

RaspberryPi users, sorry, you can’t wake a Pi across the network, and I really wish you could! The hardware is built more simply, and the Ethernet port actually sit on the USB Bus.

For Linux users (and BSD) with Debian XFCE, you can find out your MAC Address by looking at the connection information when you right click on the Network Connections icon in the status bar or in the Settings, Network Connections on the applications menu. Right click on the Wired Connection you have hooked up. Look for “Hardware Address:: and you will find a number that looks like 01:23:45:67:89:AB

Windows users, check your hardware manager under My Computer.

Mac, sorry, one isn’t handy to me but the base commands should be there under your network manager.

Look for the Mac Address, again it’s six pairs of Hex numerals that look like 01:23:45:67:89:ab, and write them down.

To test, hibernate or shut “this” distant computer down. Then go to the “other” computer, and launch a Wake On LAN Client. There are many, and they are generally free. Mine is called “wakeonlan” on Linux. It runs at a command line (gasp!) by typing (horrors!) in “wakeonlan 01:23:45:67:89:ab”.  You can easily encapsulate it in a bash shell, of course.

Then after a short pause, the computer turns itself on and presents itself at a login prompt.

Your network shares will be available on that machine, or you can use Remote Desktop or VNC to use it directly from where you sit.

Wake on Lan clients are available:

Linux – called wakeonlan and is available by “apt install wakeonlan” in Debian.

Windows – there are a bunch of them that are available here.

Mac OSX – wakeonlan is available here.

Debian and Raspbian – Installing a CUPS Print Server and a Proprietary P1102W Print Driver on Linux

The problem was simple.  My printer.  HP LaserJet Professional P1102W.

The solution is a Raspberry Pi Model 3B and a fair amount of configuration.

Thanks, Craig for the (slice of) Pi.

This is how I got it to work on Debian Linux and on the RaspberryPi using Raspbian.  It is not an exhaustive step by step, but I did take notes while doing this because like anything, I will probably need to do this Yet Again.  If So, Maybe I will republish.  Stay Tuned.

The technology starts below at “The Setting” if you just want tech support.

The Back Story.

Printers are just an annoyance at best in the Small Home Office setting, and this one is no exception.   It is a stripped down laser printer.  It comes with Wifi, and USB interface.  It has a power button, a wifi button, and an X button that I am assuming that will cancel this particular print job.

Since Printer Drivers are usually large to massive beasts that sit inside your computer and eat CPU cycles while only delivering very infrequent work, I avoid installing them.

However, this printer needs proprietary drivers.  Linux had it in the installation software asking for the blasted things, and most Linux people hate proprietary drivers.

Myself included.

So if the printer does not need the driver to find your wifi, then don’t install the driver and see if it works without.

Mine did not.  It wouldn’t see my network with wifi and password which means it had to use USB.  I didn’t want USB plugged into my computer(s) all the time which means I would have to use a print server.  I didn’t want to sacrifice a laptop to that job, so mostly it sat.

If your network has a password to get onto it, you will definitely have problems unless you have ethernet on the printer unlike mine.

It was actually easier for me to send the print file on a PDF to a friend so he could print at work.

Thanks, Kevin.

The Law Of Unintended Consequences.

If you do one thing, you often have something happen that you did not expect or want.

In my case, it’s all positive, it’s good.

That little computer will become a file server with the addition of SAMBA and a line in the fstab file.  I’ve done that a couple times and since I made the decision to have a server in the house, the RaspberryPi will function as a “Departmental Server” with its four USB 2.0 Ports, three are available.

Documentation on that to come later when I get working on it all.  I’m happy to have printing working for now.

The Setting.

I was following the Debian Wiki Guide for SystemPrinting at https://wiki.debian.org/SystemPrinting

Setting up the Pi:

Pi has Raspbian installed via noobs, and is up to date.

Pi is booted to desktop and useable via VNC.

Terminal open as root on the Pi.

Printer is not connected to USB.

Printer is HPLaserJet P1102w.

So basically I have a teeny little $35 computer running something that I installed a derviative of Debian Linux called Raspbian.  I used the Raspberry Pi Foundation’s recommended installation of Raspbian using Noobs.

Yes, I followed their steps to install Raspbian.

Yes, Raspbian was “vanilla and up to date” by the end of this process.

The Pi saw my network, and I enabled bluetooth, printing, sharing of the desktop via VNC, and that is it.

I did all my prep work on the Pi using the tools linked in the start menu and confirmed with Raspberry Pi Config.

Mind you I would not want to use it as my main machine, but it works well as a print server and allows me to do basic things like surf a few tabs and have a concurrent running game of Freeciv going.

Massive world, playing as Incas, on Easy against 5 AIs if you want to know.

The steps to get the software on the Pi:

In terminal as Root:

     apt install task-print-server

Plug printer into USB and reboot.

On the Pi, surf http:\localhost:631 to see the CUPS home page

Clicked Adding Printer

It wanted logon credentials

used pi and default password – “raspberry

I later changed the default password to something less public and generic.

It immediately said that I was not authorized in the print queue, in CUPS.

I found this exchange on Debian’s Forums https://bugs.debian.org/cgi-bin/bugreport.cgi?bug=616718 that said that you have to add the user in Terminal as Root.

  • adduser root lpadmin
  • adduser pi lpadmin

Refreshed the page at http://localhost:631/admin

Got the Add Printer Dialog

tick box Local Printers,

HP Printer (HPLIP)     click Continue

I discovered that my Printer was not powered on.

The printer has a nasty habit of turning itself off every couple minutes to save power.

Turn printer back on.

Returned to the Administration tab.

Clicked Add Printer

Under Local Printers,

tick box that had my printer name listed as a USB printer

Clicked Continue

Filled in the optional information for name/description/location

Clicked Share This Printer

Clicked Continue

Waited for CUPS on http://LocalHost:631 for a bit

Verified the Printer Model Number and Ignored “requires proprietary plug in

(more on this later)

Clicked Add Printer

Set Printer Options

Verified Media Size, Printout Mode, Media Type and Source

Click Set Default Options

Got a message that it was set correctly.

Perform a few test jobs by printing out nonsense from a text editor.

Page refreshed to show the print queue for the Printer

Printer did not print with “Filter Failure” message, jobs sitting in Queue

  • Note, the proprietary plug referenced earlier is something that some printers need, that is handled after I got things configured.  I’m a bit out of order but I was successful.  If your printer does not require the proprietary plug in, you don’t have to worry about this.  This Filter Failure is how I knew it was time to get that Proprietary Plug In Installed.

To Install the Proprietary Plug In:

I ran in terminal – sudo hp-setup -i

For installing plug-in the prompts I answered were

  • 0 (zero) for USB printer
  • d for download – download had error “Unable to receive key from Keyserver”
  • y yes to install
  • Yes to accept the stupid meaningless EULA
  • Y to agree that “this PPD file appears to be the correct one”
  • Enter a location description “Tucked In A Corner Somewhere
  • Entered through “additional information for this printer
  • Y to print a test page

At this point I was finished as far as the Pi was concerned.  The Pi would work as a print server for my network.  All I had to do was to go onto the client machine and add a printer.

Adding a Printer on another computer on the network using Debian with XFCE4 looked similar to doing the same task on any other Operating System, if you have used a printer, you have done this before.  On “this” computer, it is in the Applications menu (start), Settings, Print Settings.  Sign on with your handy Root password, click Add, then find your printer.

If you get stuck, I suggest you drop me a line other than “Why are you so tall” or “Who cut your hair, man?” and I can answer some basic questions.  At this point, this document has gotten long enough for a blog article.

If it did work for you, great, let me know!

Coffee and Backups don’t mix well, or how I broke and rebuilt my Debian Linux install in two hours

Maybe the universe wanted me to slow down.

Maybe I just wanted a second mug of coffee.

Or maybe my fascination with automation went a little too far.

I never used Mac OS for long.  Their walled garden approach of curated software just wasn’t for me.  Too limited.  I don’t care for handcuffs, whether they’re steel or lined with “mink”.

I got away from Windows when the current approach of Microsoft insisting that You Are The Product with Windows 10 and putting in “Telemetry” so they can know how their software is doing.  You agreed to it when you clicked through the user license.

Spyware.  It is offensive.  They watch everything you are doing.

So here I am on Debian Linux.  Happy.

Linux does not hold your hand.  It doesn’t make happy noises at you.  It does the job extremely well if you are a casual user who just wants to surf the web.

It does not advertise at you in exchange for spying on you while you look at news, sports, or weather.  I’m looking at you Windows.

It has its own drawbacks.

Linux isn’t great with cutting edge, absolutely new out of the bleeding edge hardware.  Battery management is a bit lackluster, battery life is reduced on Linux as they work to improve the drivers.

It can run some Windows software if you know what you are doing in WINE, and it can even run Windows in its own box if you want to be fancy.   But to be fair, you can run Linux on a Windows computer using the same sort of software.  It’s called a Virtual Machine, and that’s pretty cool.

Basically “Yo dawg, I heard you like computers, so I put a computer inside your computer, so you can run computers”.

I have done the same with Windows in a Virtual Machine many times but I keep an old machine with Windows 8.1 gathering dust under the furniture for an emergency.  I also have the entire complete environment that I was using on my old Windows XP install back when I started the blog.  I can run it, virtually, on my Linux computer.

But never mind that…

All that software has to be backed up no matter what you run, right?

You are backing things up aren’t you?

You aren’t?  I will let you decide if you are being brave, or just stupid, and leave it at that.

I will put up with the quirks in Debian Linux in exchange for stability, when I don’t break it.  My one computer has been Hibernated 170 times as of last night in a little more than 180 days and is still stable.  I don’t reboot when I don’t have to.

I back things up, about twice a week.  I don’t have to do it so frequently, but I do “Author Content” like this blog, as well as Video and Audio, Graphics, and my laptop does duty as a TV/Radio/Graphics Arts studio on multiple levels.

On Linux, all that software is free.  That also includes my office software, but you go on paying for Microsoft office.

Backing up your computer on Linux is fairly painless.  When I am through, the end result is a complete clone of what I have on the computer.  Remove the hard drive, swap in the external drive, and I am back running with just one file system check “fsck /dev/sda” and a reboot.

Just like on Windows or Mac, you need an external hard drive.  USB 3 for the speed, please, and it has to be at least as large as your internal hard drive.

From that point onwards it is just technique.

Technique was what I was lacking on that Saturday.

You see, I wrote a script for the computer to follow.  The script works if everything is correct and in place.  It backs up my chip where I save my personal writings to the hard drive, then backs up the hard drive.  Then to take it one step further it updates the computer’s software, checks to see if there are any spies lurking on the hard drive by scanning for viruses and root kits.  Finally it plays a chime to tell me that it was finished and you were a good person for running it.

Well maybe not that last bit but it is complete.

I also got a little slick and simply told it to do everything without waiting.  Should not have done that.  It’s a lot to stand on its own with the stack of old hardware that I use on a daily basis.

Oh the hardware works, but the wet-ware doesn’t always.

I set the thing going, stood up and just as it started to run to backup the disk, it barfed.

The clone of the hard disk, the actual backup, failed when I bumped the cable and it fell out of the front of the “Destination” disk.

Then it went ahead and updated the operating system, and did all that other stuff.


When it ended I had a computer that showed me everything that I had done wrong to it over the last couple weeks by not starting up again.

I was presented with a black screen telling me that the boot process had stopped and I should try again.

I did, and it repeated itself.

Linux is one of the last refuges of the computer tinkerer.  If you like to do that sort of thing, you can tweak to your heart’s content.  Mine looks a lot like Windows 7.  I could just as easily make it into something that looks identical to a Mac, but I want speed.  It runs about twice as fast as this same computer runs under Windows, so I have it.

When I went to enable the second video chip inside the computer, I followed an old guide on how to do it and predictably it had failed.  That was what showed when I booted the computer.

So Linux kiddies like myself, don’t go and over-automate.   Step by step.  Sure, your machine CAN do it, but if you’re sitting at a desk, wanting another mug of coffee, be certain not to knock the cable out of your backup drive because if the next step is a full upgrade of your computer, you may just be stuffed.

However annoying as all that is… it’s a fast fix.

I reinstalled the operating system, Debian Linux 9, in about 15 minutes.

Brought it up to date in another 30 minutes.

Copied over my “home directories” in another 90 minutes.  It was massive.

Computer back to normal from a bare bones install in about 2 hours.

A few more tweaks to get file sharing working, and making it able to play DVDs.

Lesson learned, slow down.

Oh and if you’re following along and wondering, the specifics are here since I use this as a scratch pad for my memory.

My computer’s C Drive shows up on /dev/sda with operating system on /dev/sda1, swap on /dev/sda5

The backup D Drive shows up on /dev/sdb and will be a perfect clone of the computer.

The syntax of the clone is one line run as root (administrator for windows people)

dd if=/dev/sda of=/dev/sdb conv=noerror,sync status=progress

Just copy the chip to a place on the hard drive manually first.

*sigh*  And don’t get a mug of coffee by putting your hand on your back up drive when you get out of the chair!

If you will excuse me, now, I have a mug of coffee to make.  Some home roasted Guatemala Huehuetenango that I roasted last week.  Should be just perfect this morning.